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Amazing Barbour County Facts

Did You Know?

  • …that Barbour County was formed from Harrison, Lewis and Randolph Counties in 1843.  It is named for Philip Pendleton Barbour, distinguished Virginia jurist.  The scene of opening hostilities on land between the armies of the North and South in 1861.

  • …that US 119/US 250 and Arden Rd. (county route 6), 2.7 miles south of Taylor County border & 1.2 miles north of WV 76 is the Ida L. Reed Historical Marker.  Northeast, 3 1/2 miles, is the birthplace of Ida L. Reed, born November 30, 1865.  She became famous for her religious writings, chiefly cantatas, poems and hymns, of which she wrote over 2000.  Her hymns have been used in the services of eleven denominations in America.  Many have been translated into foreign languages. Her most noted is "I Belong to the King".  Miss Reed died July 8, 1951, and is buried here.

  • …that on WV 38, Valley Furnace Roadside Rest Area, 3.0 miles east of WV 92 North at Nestorville & 2.3 miles west of Tucker County border is the Valley Furnace Historical Marker. Iron ore was discovered here in 1835, by John Johnson. The Old Iron Furnace, built in 1848, was operated for six years by C. W. Bryant and Isaac Marsh. In 1850, a steam engine replaced the water power used to run fan air blast. Charcoal was fuel used. About 9,000 pounds of iron were produced daily. The iron was hauled by mule team 50 miles to the Monongahela River near Fairmont for shipment by boat to down-river markets.

  • …that in Belington, WV 92, 0.1 miles north of US 250 is the Meadowville Historical Marker. Meadowville, on the site of an Indian fort built in 1784, is a few miles north. New Jersey colonists settled there before 1800, and tavern, mills, and stores made it a trading center of the Tygarts Valley for a hundred years.

  • ..that on County Route 15, 2.1 miles east of US 250/WV 92 at Belington is the Laurel Hill Historical Marker. The Battle of Laurel Hill on July 8, 1861, was between Confederates and McClellan's army, followed by actions after Rich Mountain and Corrick's Ford, gave Federals control of State and established communication lines to the West. Fine view from peak.

  • …that the Camp Laurel Hill Historical Marker is on County Route 15, 1.9 miles east of US 250/WV 92 at Belington.  The fortified camp was occupied by Confederates under Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett, from June 16 to July 12, 1861.  It was the scene of sharp skirmishes between July 7-11.  Garnett retreated early in the morning of July 12 after the Rich Mountain defeat.

  • …that in Belington, on Crim Ave. (US 250/WV 92) & Watkins St. (County Route 15), 0.4 miles south of US 250/WV 92 split & 5.7 miles north of US 33 is the Camp Belington Historical Marker . Union troops under Brigadier General T. A. Morris advanced from Philippi on July 7, 1861 and established a fortified camp near this site. The Battle of Belington took place July 7-11. Confederates were two miles to east at Laurel Hill.

  • …that the Philippi Historical Marker is in Philippi, on Courthouse Square, Court St. (US 250) & N. Main St., 0.3 miles south of US 119. The town was originally called Anglin's Ford for William Anglin but later named Booth's Ferry for Daniel Booth. Near by in 1780, Richard, Cottrill, and Charity Talbott settled. Philippi was named for Judge Philip Pendleton Barbour."

  • …that in Philippi, at the east end of bridge, US 250, 0.1 miles west of US 119 is The Covered Bridge Historical Marker. The Philippi Covered Bridge across Tygart Valley River was built in 1852 by Lemuel Chenoweth of Beverly. It was made of wood, with the exception of the iron bolts used to hold the segments together, it is an example of the best in covered bridge architecture and design. It was used by armies of the North and South in the Civil War. In 1934 the bridge was strengthened to permit modern traffic and is today a part of U.S. 250.

  • …that the Historic Campbell School Historical Marker is in Philippi, on the Alderson-Broaddus College campus, Broaddus Rd. off US 119/US 250, 0.6 miles north of US 119/US 250 split. After the Civil War, Barbour County residents built this one-room school house near Volga, 8 miles SW. As one of the county's first free schools, it was the center of education for hundreds of children, providing instruction for primary through eighth grade, until it closed in 1963. In 1992, the restored school was moved to Alderson-Broaddus College campus to insure its preservation. Noted alumni, Arch Hall, M.D., who performed 1st open-heart surgery in U.S. & Helen Reger, 1976 West Virginia Teacher of the Year were educated in this one-room schoolhouse. Elza and Nola Wilson restored and gave school to Alderson-Broaddus.

  • …that in Philippi, at Dumont Park, on US 119/US 250, 0.5 miles north of US 119/US 250 split is the First Land Battle Historical Marker. The first land battle between the North and South here on June 3, 1861. Confederates under Col. Porterfield were dislodged by Federal troops from Gen. McClellan's army under Col. Kelley. The old covered bridge here was used by both armies.

  • …that the Birthplace -- W. D. Zinn Historical Marker is in Philippi, at Dumont Park, on US 119/US 250, 0.5 miles north of US 119/US 250 split. One mile east is Woodbine Farm, birthplace of W. D. Zinn, noted farmer, writer and lecturer. He contributed much to scientific farming in this and adjoining states. "The Story of Woodbine Farm" is an autobiography of his work.

  • …that Historic Chrislip Hollow Historical Marker is in Elk City, WV 57 & Scales Rd. (secondary route 57/8), 3.1 miles west of US 119. One mile north of this site is the graveyard of one of West Virginia's pioneer families.   They emigrated from Germany in 1765 and Pennsylvania ca. 1782, Revolutionary War Patriot Jacob Christlieb (Chrislip) came to this region with wife, Nancy Singer and reared 7 sons and 7 daughters.

  • …that south of Philippi, on US 119, 2.0 miles south of WV 57 is the Henry Everett Engle Historical Marker.  Approximately 1/4 mile west was the birthplace of Henry Everett Engle, the author and composer of original chorus and music for the Rev. David King's poem, "The West Virginia Hills," in 1885.  He was born in 1849 and died in 1933.

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