Amazing 1845 - 1868 In Baseball Facts
Do You KNOW?...That
Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. is born on April 17, 1820 and
is one of several people sometimes referred to as a "father
of baseball", even thought, he is the secretary of the
Committee whose president is Dr. Daniel L. Adams. In fact,
Doc Adams is the one who dictates the first 20 baseball
rules. Cartwright is thought to be the first person to draw
a diagram of a diamond-shaped baseball field, and the rules
of the modern game are based on the Knickerbocker Rules
developed by Cartwright and a committee from his club, the
Knickerbocker Base Ball Club. With the myth of Abner
Doubleday inventing baseball debunked, Cartwright was
inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame as an
executive 46 years after his death on July 12, 1892.
Cartwright was officially declared the inventor of the
modern game of baseball by the 83rd United States Congress
on June 3, 1953.
...That on September 10, 1845, baseball
game is played that is described the following day in the
New York Morning News.
...That on September 23, 1845 the New York
Knickerbockers draw up the Knickerbocker Rules which are
written down by Alexander Cartwright.
...That on October 22, 1845, the first
known box score appears in the New York Morning News a month
after the first set of rules are written by Alexander
Cartwright and some of his fellow New York Knickerbockers.
...That on June 19, 1846 the New York
Knickerbockers play the "New York Nine" at Elysian Fields,
Hoboken, New Jersey. the Knickerbockers lose to the New York
Nine by a score of 23 to 1 in four innings of play.
...That Albert Goodwill Spalding (September
2, 1849 - September 9, 1915) is an American pitcher, manager
and executive in the early years of professional baseball,
and the co-founder of A.G. Spalding sporting goods company.
...That Charles Roscoe Barnes (May 8, 1850
- February 5, 1915) is one of the stars of baseball's
National Association (1871-1875) and the early National
League (1876-1881), playing second base and shortstop. He
plays for the dominant Boston Red Stockings teams of the
early 1870s, along with Albert Spalding, Cal McVey, George
Wright, Harry Wright, Jim O'Rourke, and Deacon White.
Despite playing for these star-studded teams, many claim
that Ross is the most valuable to his teams.
...That Adrian Constantine Anson is born in
Marshalltown, Iowa (April 17, 1852 - April 14, 1922),
nicknamed "Cap" (for "Captain") and "Pop", is a Major League
Baseball (MLB) first baseman. Including his time in the
National Association (NA), he plays a record 27 consecutive
seasons. Anson is regarded as one of the greatest players of
his era and one of the first superstars of the game. Anson
spent most of his career with the Chicago Cubs franchise
(then known as the "White Stockings" and later the "Colts"),
serving as the club's manager, first baseman and, later in
his tenure, minority owner. He lead the team to five
National League pennants in the 1880s. Anson is one of
baseball's first great hitters, and the first to tally over
3,000 career hits.
...That in 1854, the Excelsior club is
established in Brooklyn.
...That in 1855, the Atlantic and Eckford
clubs are established in Brooklyn.
...That in 1856, the Union of Morrisania
club is established in the latter-day Bronx, New York.
...That in 1857, the National Association
of Base Ball Players (NABBP) is formed in meetings of
sixteen New York area baseball clubs. the New York Mutuals
and Newark Adriatics teams are formed.
...That in 1858, the first all star games,
and the first baseball games to charge admission, took place
in Corona, Queens New York at the Fashion Race Course.
...That in 1859, the Potomac Club is formed
in the summer and the National club in November in
...That on July 1, 1859, the Amherst
College defeats Williams College 73-32 in a game played in
...That in 1860, the Philadelphia Athletics
team is formed. the Newark Eurekas team starts playing other
teams in the NABBP. the Union Club of Lansingburgh team is
formed, which would later become the Troy Haymakers of the
...That on February 22, 1860, the first
recorded baseball game is played in San Francisco,
California between the San Francisco Eagles and the San
Francisco Red Rovers.
...That on 1860 September 28, 1860, the
first baseball game reported between two named black teams.
At Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey, the Weeksville of
New York beat the Colored Union Club 11-0.
...That in April 1862, the Summit City Club
is formed in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
...That in October 1865, the Milwaukee
Cream Citys team is formed.
...That in 1866, the Fort Wayne Kekiongas
team is reformed after the end of the Civil War.
...That between 1866-1868, the Rockford
Forest Citys feature future superstars Albert Spalding and
...That on June 23, 1866, the Cincinnati
Base Ball Club is formed and plays four outside matches.
...That in 1867, the Cincinnati Base Ball Club plays in the
...That Denton True "Cy" Young (March 29,
1867 - November 4, 1955) is an American Major League
Baseball pitcher. During his 21-year baseball career
(1890-1911), he pitches for five different teams. Young
establishes numerous pitching records, some of which have
stood for a century. Young compiles 511 wins, which is most
in Major League history and 94 ahead of Walter Johnson who
is second on the list. Young is elected to the National
Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937.