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A cooktop, also known as a range or stovetop, is an appliance used for heating pots and pans. Most cooktops are attached to the top of an oven.

Cooktops vary in their methods of heat generation, with some models providing multiple options. The various methods include:


Gas is traditional and well-loved by many expert cooks. Gas responds quickly to adjustments and generally provides high heat output. Gas works with any pan, including the round-bottomed woks that are best for stir-frying. The flame can be useful for cooking a marshmallow or bell pepper on a fork. Gas cooktops are often very durable. Gas cooktops often come with gas ovens, which are not good for producing crunchy and crispy foods.

Electric Coil

Electric coil cooktops are cheap, common, and not too bad.


Induction cooktops have a smooth flat surface that is easy to clean. They also provide heat quickly. Unfortunately, they require flat-bottomed magnetic pots and pans. Aluminum and copper will not work. Stainless steel may work poorly. Cast iron and carbon steel work well.


Ceramic cooktops act like electric coil cooktops, but they are easy to clean. They are also fragile and expensive.

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