Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)
The Browning Automatic
Rifle (BAR) is a family of American automatic rifles (or machine
rifles) and light machine guns used by the United States and
numerous other countries during the 20th century.
What do you know about the
Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)?
Charge with this World War II History Made Easy Trivia
quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of the
In 1917, prior to America's entry to the war, John Browning has
personally brought to Washington, D.C. two types of automatic
weapons for the purposes of demonstration: a water-cooled machine
gun (later adopted as the M1917 Browning machine gun) and a
shoulder-fired automatic rifle known then as the Browning Machine
Rifle or BMR, both chambered for the standard U.S. .30-06
Springfield cartridge. Browning has arranged for a public
demonstration of both weapons at a location outside of Washington,
D.C. What is the location known as?
- Washington Meadow
- Congress Heights
- Potomac Heights
- Lee's Plantation
2) On 27 February 27, 1917, in
front of a crowd of 300 people (including high-ranking military
officials, Congressmen, Senators, foreign dignitaries and the
press), Browning stages a live fire demonstration which so
impresses the gathered crowd, that he is immediately awarded a
contract for the weapon and it is hastily adopted into service
(the water-cooled machine gun underwent further testing).
3) On July 16, 1917, 12,000
BARs are duly ordered from Colt�s Patent Firearms Manufacturing
Company who has secured an exclusive concession to manufacture the
BAR under Browning's patents (Browning's U.S. Patent 1,293,022 is
owned by Colt). Colt is already producing at peak capacity
and requests a delay in production while they expanded their
manufacturing output with a new facility in Meriden, Connecticut.
Due to the urgent need for the weapon, the request is denied.
Who is designated as the prime contractor?
- Smith and Wesson
4) In 1938�1939, work has
begun on what will become the new model, accepted into service in
1940. One of the most important aspects of this modification
involves removal of the semi-automatic firing capabilities of the
weapon and using a rate-reducing buffer mechanism, activated by
engaging the "F" position on the selector toggle.
What is the
weapon's rate-reducer mechanism proves easy to clean and is not
susceptible to damage from moisture and corrosion.
is easily removable, is often discarded by troops to save weight
and improve portability.
7) In combat, particularly in
the Pacific Theatre of war, the BAR effectively reverts to its
original role as a portable, shoulder-fired automatic rifle.
BAR is often employed at the point or tail of a patrol or infantry
column, where its firepower can help break contact on a jungle
trail in the event of ambush.
8) After a period of service,
ordnance personnel begin to receive BARs with inoperable or
malfunctioning recoil buffer mechanisms. This is eventually traced
to the soldier's common practice of cleaning the BAR in a vertical
position with the butt of the weapon on the ground, allowing
cleaning fluid and burned powder to collect in the recoil buffer
9) The BAR is issued as
automatic fire support for a squad, and all men are trained at the
basic level how to operate and fire the weapon in case the
designated operator(s) are killed or wounded.
10) In 1944, USAAF Air
Transport Command pilot reportedly uses a BAR to return fire
against a Japanese Army Nakajima fighter that has attacked his
C-46 cargo plane over the Hump in Burma. He shoves the rifle out
his forward cabin window, emptying the magazine and apparently
killing the Japanese pilot. Who is the USAAF pilot?
- Captain Mark Reynolds
- Captain Wally A. Gayda
- Captain Bruce Allen
- Captain Wendell Potter
gun is a popular weapon for organized crime in the 1920s and '30s.
Who has two in his possession when he is killed.
- Machine Gun Kelly
- John Dillinger
- Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde
- Bob Ryan