Born: June 20, 1924 or 1926, Kingston, Texas
Died: May 28, 1971 (aged 44 or 46), near Catawba, Virginia
Leon Murphy is a much-decorated American soldier who serves in the
European Theater during World War II. He later becomes an actor,
appearing in 44 American films, and also finds some success as a country
In 27 months of combat action, Murphy becomes one of the most highly
decorated United States soldiers of World War II. He receives the Medal
of Honor, the U.S. military's highest award for valor, along with 32
additional U.S. and foreign medals and citations, including five from
France and one from Belgium.
What do you know about Medal of Honor recipient
Audie Murphy? Try this World War-2 Medal of Honor Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the bottom of the page.
1. He went to school in Celeste until the eighth grade, when he dropped
out to help support his family (his father deserted them in 1936),
working for a dollar a day, plowing and picking cotton on any farm that
would hire him. He became very skilled with a rifle, hunting small game
to help feed the family.
2. Murphy was 18 when he enlisted in the U.S. Army in June 1942.
3. In early 1943, he was shipped out to Casablanca, Morocco as a
replacement in Company B, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment (United
States). His unit was part of what division?
- 1st Infantry Division
- 3rd Infantry Division
- 6th Infantry Division
4. Murphy's best friend, Lattie Tipton (referred to as
"Brandon" in Murphy's book To Hell and Back), was
killed by a German soldier in a machine gun nest who was feigning
surrender. Murphy went into a rage, and single-handedly wiped out the
German machine gun crew which had just killed his friend. He then used
the German machine gun and grenades to destroy several other nearby
enemy positions. What award did the receive for this action?
- Medal of Honor
- Distinguished Service Cross
- Silver Star
5. After wounds in combat, he returned to his unit, and still
bandaged. What did become on January 25, 1945?
- Company commander
- Platoon sergeant
- Commander Platoon 1
6. At fighting near Holtzwihr, France, what was the effective
strength of his 128 man company?
7. At Holtzwihr, Murphy proceeded to use an abandoned, burning tank
destroyer's weapon to cut into the German infantry at a distance,
including one full squad of German infantry that had crawled in a ditch
to within 100 feet of his position. Wounded in the leg during heavy
fire, he continued this nearly single-handed battle for almost an hour.
What weapon did he use?
- .50 caliber machine gun
- Submachine gun
8. How many US medals did Murphy receive?
- 25 medals
- 33 medals
- 50 medals
9. Just after noon on May 28, 1971, during Memorial Day weekend,
Murphy was killed when his private plane crashed into a Virginia
mountain near Catawba, Virginia, 20 miles west of Roanoke. What was the
- Brush Mountain
- Rifleman Mountain
- Tipton Mountain
10. Where is Audie Murphy buried?
- Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Glendale, California
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
- Kingston Cemetery, Kingston, Texas