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Addison Baker

Born: January 1, 1907, Chicago, Illinois
Died: August 1, 1943 (age 36), KIA over Ploiesti, Romania

Lieutenant Colonel Addison Earl Baker was commander of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in the U.S. Army Air Forces who led the group on the low-altitude Allied bombing mission of oil refineries at Ploiesti, Romania, Operation Tidal Wave. 

For his actions during World War II he received the United States of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor.

What do you know about Medal of Honor recipient Lieutenant Colonel Addison Earl Baker?  Try this World War-2 Medal of Honor Quiz.  "Check Your Answers" at the bottom of the page.

Alan's Dad (WW2 Vet) - Trivia powered by ABE1. What military unit did he serve before being called to active duty in 1940?

  • Reserves
  • National Guard
  • Airline Pilot

2. He was commander of 93rd Bomber Group, Eighth Air Force.

  • True or False?

3. What was the name of the bomber he flew on the Ploiesti Raid?

  • Hang Ten
  • Mother's Grace
  • Hell's Wench

4. He flew bomber (Serial 42-40994) on the raid. What bomber model was flown on the mission?

  • B-17
  • B-29
  • B-24

5. On a daring low-level attack against enemy oil refineries and installations at Ploesti, Rumania. Approaching the target, his aircraft was hit by a large caliber antiaircraft shell, seriously damaged and set on fire. Ignoring the fact he was flying over terrain suitable for safe landing, he refused to jeopardize the mission by breaking up the lead formation and continued unswervingly to lead his group to the target upon which he dropped his bombs with devastating effect.

  • True or False?

6. Baker broke formation to avoid a mid-air collision with bombers from the lead group, now arriving in the target area from the opposite direction. He attempted to gain altitude so that his crew could escape by parachute, but despite his efforts, his bomber crashed and exploded, killing Baker and the other nine airmen aboard.

  • True or False?

7. When was Baker posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor?

  • March 11, 1944
  • March 11, 1945
  • March 11, 1946

8. Where is Addison Baker buried?

  • Body lost or destroyed, remains never found
  • Illinois National Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois
  • Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia


Addison Baker

  1. National Guard
  2. True
  3. Hell's Wench
  4. B-24
  5. True
  6. True
  7. March 11, 1944
  8. Body lost or destroyed, remains never found

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