The Bell Helicopter UH-1 Iroquois,
commonly (or officially in the U.S. Marine Corps) known as the
"Huey", is a multipurpose military helicopter, famous
for its use in the Vietnam War.
The UH-1 was developed from 1955 US Army
trials with the Bell Model 204. The initial designation of HU-1
(helicopter utility) led to its nickname, Huey.
What do you know about
the Huey helicopter? Try this U.S. History Made Easy: the
Vietnam War Trivia quiz.
Bell believed the YH-40 was ideal for troop transport and cargo
carrying as well as the medevac role, a view soon adopted by the
Army, who found the pre-production aircraft so much better in
service than previous piston-powered helicopters they soon
ordered more of them.
2. The HU-1A (later redesignated the
UH-1A) was the first turbine-equipped U.S. helicopter to go into
production, and production models first entered service with the
101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, the 82nd
Airborne Division and the 57th Medical Detachment. Although they
were intended for evaluation only, the Army quickly pressed them
into operational service. When did the 57th Medical Detachment
arrived in Vietnam?
- March 1962
- March 1964
- March 1968
3. These gunship UH-1s were commonly
referred to as Hogs if they carried rockets, and Cobras
if they had guns. What was UH-1s tasked for troop transport
called due to an absence of weapons pods?
4. In the US Navy and USMC the gunships
were referred to as Sharks. What where troop transport
- Killer Whales
5. On 1 August 1968, the unit was
redesignated the 20th Special Operations Squadron. Stemming from
their color, a primarily green two-tone camouflage (green and
tan) was carried, and radio call-sign "hornet". The
main role of these helicopters were to insert and extract
reconnaissance teams, provide cover for such operations, conduct
psychological warfare, and other support roles for covert
operations especially in Laos and Cambodia during the so-called
Secret War. What were the 20th's UH-1s known as?
- "Green Hornets"
- "Green Monsters"
- "Green Miles"
6. Bell certified a civil version of the
UH-1B incorporating some minor safety improvements, such as
improved door locks. What was the civilian aircraft marketed as?
- Bell Whirlybird
- Bell 204B
- Bell 100F
7. The UH-1C was specifically developed as
a gunship version until the "interim" attack
helicopter, the Bell AH-1G Huey Cobra was available and to
correct the deficiencies of the UH-1B when it was used in the
armed role. The "Charlie" model was fitted with the
1,100 shp (820 kW) T53-L-9 or L-11 engine to provide the power
needed to lift the weapons systems in use or under development
at the time.
8. The earlier "short-body"
Hueys were a success, especially in the gunship role, but lacked
the cabin space to be an effective troop transport. The US Army
wanted a version that could carry a crew of four (two pilots and
two door gunners) and also deliver an infantry section of
eight-ten soldiers. Bell's solution was to stretch the UH-1B
fuselage by 41 inches and use the extra space to fit two
sideways-facing seats on either side of the transmission. This
brought the total seating capacity to 15, including crew seats.
What was this version?
9. The UH-1B was developed into a special
model, designated UH-1E. What service was the helicopter used
- US Air Force
- US Navy
- US Marines
10. The "Hotel" model Huey was
produced in larger numbers than any other model, with 4,850
delivered to the US Army alone. What was the model?