Revolutionary Period (1764-1789)
Defending the Colonies against attack by the French and others had
cost the British a great deal of money. As a result, the British had
very high taxes in their country. They thus decided to shift some of
their financial burden to the colonists.
The Stamp Act of 1765, which taxed all legal documents, newspapers
and other documents, was met with a great uproar in the Colonies. In
1766, this tax was repealed, but it was just the beginning of the
problems between the colonists and the British. The Boston Tea Party in
1773 was an act of revolt against the British and their tax on tea in
Tensions such as these eventually led to the writing of the
Declaration of Independence in 1776. A year earlier, the War of
Independence, also known as the American Revolution, began. When the
British finally surrendered on October 19, 1781, Americans were
officially independent of Britain and set about establishing their own
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