Texas Rangers (1874 - 1920)
What do you know about the Texas Rangers? Try this
Old West History Made Easy Trivia quiz.
The Texas legislature authorized the re-commissioning of the Rangers,
and a special force was created: it consisted of six companies of 75 men
each under the command of Major John B. Jones. What was their name?
- Frontier Battalion
- Ranger Battalion
- Frontier Troops
2. The new ranger group was soon augmented with a second military
group of 40 men under Captain Leander H. McNelly, with the specific task
of bringing order in the area of south Texas between the Nueces River
and the Rio Grande, called the Nueces Strip. What was this group called?
- Nueces Force
- Special Force
- Border Rangers
3. It was at these times that many of the Rangers' myths were born,
such as their success in capturing or killing notorious criminals and
Who was NOT a notorious criminal?
- Jimmy Ringo
- Sam Bass
- John Wesley Hardin
4. It was also during these years that the Rangers suffered the only
defeat in their history when they surrendered at the Salinero Revolt in
5. The old Rangers were disbanded with the passing of new legislation
on July 8, 1901, and a new Ranger force was created, consisting of four
companies of "no more than 20 men each" with a captain in
command of every unit. The Rangers had evolved into an agency with an
exclusive law enforcement focus.
6. The Mexican Revolution that began in 1910 against President
Porfirio D�az changed the relatively peaceful state of affairs along
the border. The political decision of the Texans was to restore control
and order by any necessary means. The Texas governor instructed Ranger
Captain John R. Hughes, "...you and your men are to keep Mexican
raiders off of Texas territory if possible, and if they invade the State
let them understand they do so at the risk of their lives." Who
was the governor
- Ernest Clay Day
- Oscar Branch Colquitt
- Mark Reynolds
7. Who on March 9, 1916, led 500 Mexican raiders in a cross-border
attack against Columbus, New Mexico, increasing the high tension that
had already existed between the communities.
- Jose Jimenez
- Elfago Blaco
- Pancho Villa
8. The final straw was the killing of innocent villagers, wrongly
accused of raiding the Brite Ranch Store on Christmas Day in 1917. In
January 1918 a heavily armed group of Texas Rangers, ranchmen and
members a troop of U.S. Cavalry descended upon the tiny community of
Porvenir, Texas on the Mexican border in western Presidio County. The
Rangers and company rounded up the inhabitants of the village and
searched their homes. They then proceeded to gather all the men in
Provenir (fifteen Mexican men and boys ranging in age from 16 to 72
years) and march them off into the darkness. A short distance from
Porvenir, the men were lined up against a rock bluff and shot to death.
9. The Texas legislature passed a resolution to purge it and enhance
it and its procedures. All special Ranger groups were disbanded; the
four official companies were kept, albeit their members were reduced
from 20 to 15 each; better payment was offered in order to attract men
of higher personal standards; and a method for citizens to articulate
complaints against any further misdeeds or abuses was established. When
was the resolution passed?
- March 31, 1919
- April 30, 1920
- May 31, 1921
10. With the passage of the Volstead Act and the beginning of the
Prohibition on January 16, 1920, their duties extended to scouting the
border for tequila smugglers and detecting and dismantling the illegal
stills that abounded along Texas's territory.