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Texas Rangers (The Early Years)

Texas Rangers Badge - Alan's Old West History Made Easy Trivia powered by ABEThe Texas Ranger Division, commonly called the Texas Rangers, is a law enforcement agency with statewide jurisdiction based in Austin, the capital of Texas, in the United States. Over the years, the Texas Rangers have investigated crimes ranging from murder to political corruption, acted as riot police and as detectives, protected the Governor of Texas, tracked down fugitives, and functioned as a paramilitary force at the service of both the Republic (1836�45) and the state of Texas.

What do you know about the Texas Rangers? Try this Old West History Made Easy Trivia quiz.

1. By the early 1820s, the Mexican War of Independence had subsided, and some 600 to 700 families had settled in Texas - most of them from the United States. Because there was no regular army to protect the citizens against attacks by American Indians and bandits, in 1823 an organized small, informal armed groups whose duties required them to range over the countryside, and who thus came to be known as "rangers". Although it is not clear that anyone ever actually employed men as "rangers", Texas Ranger lore dates the anniversary year of their organization to this event. Who is the man that lore says hired the first rangers?

  • John F. Long
  • Samuel L. Jackson
  • Stephen F. Austin

2. When was the Texas Rangers formally constituted?

  • 1833
  • 1835
  • 1837

3. Who was chosen to be the first Major of the Texas Rangers.

  • Robert Penn Warren
  • Robert McAlpin Williamson
  • John S. Mosby

4. Who's leadership introduced the Colt revolver to the Texas Rangers?

  • Michael Owens
  • John Coffee "Jack" Hays
  • Mark Reynolds

5. With the annexation of Texas within the United States and the Mexican-American War in 1846, several companies of Rangers were mustered into federal service and proved themselves at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. Their role in the Mexican�American War also won them nationwide fame in the United States and news of their exploits, in the contemporary press became common, effectively establishing the Rangers as part of American folklore.

  • True or False?

6. John Salmon "Rip" Ford, a veteran Ranger of the war with Mexico, was commissioned as senior captain. With a force of some 100 Rangers, Ford began a large expedition against the Comanche and other tribes, whose raids against the settlers and their properties had become common. On May 12, Ford's Rangers, accompanied by Tonkawa, Anadarko and Shawnee scouts from the Brazos Reservation in Texas, crossed the Red River into Indian Territory and attacked a Comanche village in the Canadian River Valley, flanked by the Antelope Hills in what is now Oklahoma. Suffering only four casualties, the force killed a reported 76 Comanche (including a chief) and took 18 prisoners and 300 horses. Who was the Comanche chief?

  • Iron Jacket
  • Sage Runner
  • Iron Eagle

7. Ford's Rangers took part in the Cortina War, and on December 27, 1859, they engaged and defeated enemy forces in the battle of Rio Grande City. Who was the enemy?

  • Mexican rancher Juan Cortina
  • Texas rancher James Cortina
  • Mexican statesman Juan Arnaz

8. The Rangers' effectiveness when dealing with these threats convinced both the people of the state and the political leaders that a well-funded and organized local Ranger force was essential.

  • True or False?

9. During Reconstruction, the Rangers were replaced by a Union-controlled police force. What was the police known as?

  • Texas State Police
  • Texas Secret Police
  • The Police Force of Texas

10. What year was the Texas Rangers reestablished?

  • 1866
  • 1870
  • 1874


Texas Rangers (The Early Years)

  1. Stephen F. Austin
  2. 1835
  3. Robert McAlpin Williamson
  4. John Coffee "Jack" Hays
  5. True
  6. Iron Jacket
  7. Mexican rancher Juan Cortina
  8. True
  9. Texas State Police
  10. 1874

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