Born: January 1, 1832 Chautauqua County, NY
Died: February 21, 1914 (age 82), Pima County, Arizona
Jonathan Jeffords was a U.S. Army scout, Indian agent, and later a
stagecoach driver in the Arizona Territory. His friendship with Cochise
was instrumental in ending the Indian wars in that region.
What do you know about
Tom Jeffords? Try this
US Old West History Made Easy Quiz. "Check
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
Take 2 points
for each right answer. Maximum this page: 20
1) Tom Jeffords came west to Arizona in 1862 as a scout for the U.S.
Army - Warfare with the Chiricahua Apaches.
When did the warfare begin
with the Chiricahua Apaches?
2) After some of his mail riders were killed by Apache raiding
parties, he rode alone into the camp of Cochise to parley. This bravery
so impressed the chief that he became friend and blood brother to
Jeffords, granting his mail riders safe passage.
3) Who did President Grant send to the Arizona Territory in 1871 with
orders to end the Apache wars by negotiating treaties with the tribes?
General Oliver Howard
General George Crook
General Phil Sheridan
4) A treaty was signed in 1872, ending the decade-long war with the Chiricahua Apaches.
5) Cochise requested that his people be allowed to remain in the Chiricahua Mountains and that Jeffords be made Indian agent for the
region. These requests were granted, and the Indian raids subsided.
6) In 1875 he was removed as the federal agent and the Chiricahua
Apaches were relocated.
Where were they sent to?
White Mountain Apache Reservation
San Carlos Reservation
Red River Reservation
7) When did Cochise die?
8) The move put the Chiricahua to fight for their land. The Indian
wars began again, but were ended in 1886 with their surrender of.
became the Apache leader?
9) He lived out the last 22 years of his life in the Tortolita
Mountains north of Tucson, AZ, at a homestead near the Owlhead Buttes.
10) Where is Tom Jeffords buried?
Holy Hope Cemetery & Mausoleum, Tucson, Arizona
East Lawn Palms Cemetery & Mortuary, Tucson, Arizona
Evergreen Cemetery, Tucson, Arizona