1. By late afternoon San Antonio was occupied by about 1,500 Mexican troops,
who quickly raised a blood-red flag signifying no quarter. Travis responded with
a blast from the Alamo's largest cannon.
2. The emissaries met with Colonel Juan Almonte and Jose Bartres. According
to Almonte, the Texians asked for an honorable surrender but were informed that
any surrender must be unconditional. On learning this, Bowie and Travis mutually
agreed to fire the cannon again.
3. In the first few days of the siege, Mexican soldiers established artillery
batteries, initially about 1,000 feet from the south and east walls of the
Alamo. A third battery, at the old Powderhouse, was southeast of the fort. Each
night the cordon drew tighter as the batteries inched closer to the Alamo walls.
4. On March 3, The Texians watched from the walls as approximately 1,000
Mexican troops, attired in dress uniform, marched into San Antonio military
plaza to reinforce Santa Anna. The Mexican army celebrated loudly throughout the
afternoon, both in honor of their reinforcements and at the news that troops
under General Jose de Urrea had soundly defeated Texian Colonel Frank W. Johnson
at the Battle of San Patricio on February 27.
5. The first fatality of the siege occurred on February 24, when Texians
killed a Mexican soldier as he and other scouts crossed a footbridge over the
San Antonio River; the other scouts quickly retreated.
6. A blue norther blew in that evening and dropped the temperature to 39 �F.
Neither army was prepared for the cold temperatures. Several Texians ventured
out to gather firewood but returned empty-handed after encountering Mexican
7. At some point on Wednesday, February 24, Bowie collapsed from illness,
leaving Travis in sole command of the garrison.
8. On the morning of February 26, James Fannin led 320 men, 4 cannon, and
several supply wagons began the 90 miles march from Goliad to the Alamo. By the
end of the day, they had traveled less than 1 mile. The following day the group
returned to Presidio La Bahia in Goliad.
9. On the evening March 5, 1863, James Allen became the last courier to leave
the Alamo. He carried personal messages from Travis and several of the other
10. At 10 pm, the Mexican artillery ceased their bombardment. As Santa Anna
had planned, the exhausted Texians soon fell into the first uninterrupted sleep
many had gotten since the siege began.