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Alamo Mission in San Antonio

The Alamo, originally known as Mission San Antonio de Valero, is a former Roman Catholic mission and fortress compound, now a museum, in San Antonio, Texas located at 300 Alamo Plaza. The compound, which originally comprised a sanctuary and surrounding buildings, was built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century for the education of local Native Americans after their conversion to Christianity. 

In 1793, the mission was secularized and soon abandoned. Ten years later, it became a fortress housing the Mexican Army group the Second Flying Company of San Carlos de Parras, who likely gave the mission the name "Alamo".

Here is the Alamo Mission quiz.

True or False?

1. In 1716, the Spanish government established several Roman Catholic missions in East Texas.

2. The Alamo was the last in a chain of missions established nearby along the San Antonio River.

3. A permanent Alamo complex was constructed in 1758.

4. Additional adobe or mud buildings were constructed to serve as workrooms, storerooms, and homes for the Indian residents.

5. To protect the mission, a presidio, San Antonio de Bexar, was built 50 miles from the mission.

6. The understaffed presidio forced the mission to become fortress-like to withstand attacks by Apache and Comanche raiders.

7. In 1793, mission San Antonio de Valero was secularized.

8. The building was occupied by Mexican forces almost continuously until December 1835, when it was surrendered to Texan forces by General Mart�n Perfecto de Cos during the Texas Revolution.


 

Answers  

1. True. In 1716, the Spanish government established several Roman Catholic missions in East Texas. The new missions were over 400 miles from the nearest Spanish settlement, San Juan Bautista.

2. False. The Alamo was the first in a chain of missions established nearby along the San Antonio River.

3. True. On May 1, 1718, they built a temporary mud, brush and straw structure to serve as a new mission, named San Antonio de Valero. About 1724, a stone church was completed. The church, its tower and the sacristy fell down in the late 1750s. A permanent Alamo complex was constructed in 1758.

4. True. Additional adobe or mud buildings were constructed to serve as workrooms, storerooms, and homes for the Indian residents. At most, only 30 of these buildings stood at one time.

5. False. The presidio, San Antonio de Bexar was built a mile from the mission.

6. True. As the nearby presidio was perpetually understaffed, the mission was built to withstand attacks by Apache and Comanche raiders. Walls were erected around the Indian homes in 1758, likely in response to the massacre at the San Saba mission.

7. True. In 1793, mission San Antonio de Valero was secularized, and the following year the four remaining missions at San Antonio were partially secularized. The mission archives were removed to nearby San Fernando Church. In 1803, the abandoned compound was occupied by the Second Flying Company of San Carlos de Parras, a company of Spanish soldiers from �lamo de Parras (in the modern-day Mexican state of Coahuila). Locals often called them simply the "Alamo Company", and their home the "Alamo". An alternate theory of the origin of the name is that it derives from the Spanish word �lamo (cottonwood), after the grove of nearby trees.

8. True. The building was occupied by Mexican forces almost continuously until December 1835, when it was surrendered to Texan forces by General Mart�n Perfecto de Cos during the Texas Revolution. In the few months that Cos had supervised the troops garrisoned in San Antonio, he had ordered many improvements to the Alamo. Cos's men likely demolished the four stone arches that were to support a future chapel dome. The debris from these was used to build a ramp to the apse of the chapel building. There, the Mexican soldiers placed three cannon, which could fire over the walls of the roofless building. To close a gap between the church and the barracks (formerly the convent building) and the south wall, the soldiers built a palisade. When Cos retreated, he left behind 19 cannon, including an 18-lber.

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