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Chisholm Trail

What do you know about Chisholm Trail?
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Old West History Made Easy1) The drive begins in Texas and crosses the Red River.
Where in Kansas does the trail end?

  1. Abilene

  2. Dodge City

  3. Hays

2) Who had built several trading posts in what is now western Oklahoma before the American Civil War.

  1. Jesse Chisholm

  2. John Chisium

  3. Joseph G. McCoy

3) In the early cattle drives, where was the northern end?

  1. Kansas

  2. Illinois

  3. Missouri

4) Before cattle drives the Chisholm Trail was previously used by Indian hunting and raiding parties; it went north from Austin through Waco and Fort Worth. The trail crossed into Indian Territory (present-day west-central Oklahoma) near Red River Station (in present-day Montague County, Texas) and entered Kansas near Caldwell.

  • True or False?

5) In the early 1840s, most cattle were driven up the Shawnee Trail.
What was the Shawnee Trail known as?

  1. Texas Road

  2. Scott's Trail

  3. Wagon Trail

6) Through Oklahoma, the Chisholm Trail generally followed the US route through present-day towns of El Reno and Enid.
What is the US route?

  1. US Highway 66

  2. US Highway 81

  3. US Highway 33

7) How long did the cattle drives take up the Chisholm Trail?

  1. 1 month

  2. 2 months

  3. 3 months

8) Who was the first rancher to bring his heard of 2,400 steers up the Chisholm Trail?

  1. O. W. Wheeler

  2. John Chisum

  3. Bob Mansfield

9) What is the estimated head of Texas cattle to reach Kansas over the Chisholm Trail?

  1. 5,000,000

  2. 10,000,000

  3. 25,000,000

10) The importance of cattle drives began to diminish in 1887 with the arrival of the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad in Texas.

  • True or False?

More US History Trivia

Chisholm Trail

1) A.  2) A.  3) C.  4) True  5) A.  6) B.  7) B.  8) A.  9) A.  10) True


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