The Apache Wars were fought during the nineteenth
century between the U.S. military and many tribes in what is now the
southwestern United States. The wars lasted from 1851, with the arrival of
American settlers, to 1886, the year Geronimo surrendered. However, Apache
attacks on white settlers continued until around 1900. Some historians
group the Apaches and Navajos together because they have similar languages
(Athapascan) and cultures.
What do you know about the Apache
Wars? Try this Apache Wars History Made Easy Trivia quiz.
1. The United States engaged the Navajos and Apaches
for their lands or because they affected commerce. Often the military
and/or American Indians were provoked by white settlers, speculators or a
new federal policy. Apache leaders like Mangas Coloradas of the Bedonkohe;
Cochise of the Chokonen (also known as Chiricahua); Victorio of the
Chihenne band; Juh of the Nednhi band; Delshay of the Tonto; and Geronimo
of the Bedonkohe led war or raiding parties against non-Apaches and
resisted the military's attempts, by force and persuasion, to relocate
their people to various reservations.
2. When the United States went to war against
Mexico, many Apache bands promised U.S. soldiers safe passage through
their lands. When the U.S. claimed former territories of Mexico in 1846,
signed a peace treaty, respecting them as conquerors of the Mexicans'
land. Who was the Apache leader who signed a peace treaty?
- Mangas Coloradas
- Mangas Arizonas
3. An influx of people into the Santa Rita Mountains
of New Mexico led to conflict in 1850. Who were the people moving into the
Santa Rita Mountains?
- Oil drillers
- Gold miners
- Coal miners
4. In early February 1861 a band of unidentified
natives stole cattle and kidnapped the stepson of rancher John Ward near
Sonoita, Arizona and Ward immediately sought redress from the nearby U.S.
Army. Lieutenant George N. Bascom was dispatched and John Ward accompanied
the detail. Upon the advise of military surgeon Dr. Bernard Irwin, Bascom
replied by killing the Apache hostages in his custody. The short incident
became known as the "Bascom Affair" and while a small affair,
initiated another 11 years of open warfare between Anglo-American
settlers, the U.S. Army and the Apache band. Later in 1861, Mangas
Coloradas and his son-in-law struck an alliance, agreeing to drive all
Anglo-Americans out of Apache territory. Who was the Apache leader and
Mangas Coloradas's son-in-law?
5. Mangas arrived under a white flag of truce to
meet with Brigadier General Joseph Rodman West, an officer of the
California militia and a future senator from Louisiana. Armed soldiers
took him into custody, and West is reported to have given an execution
order to the sentries. That night Mangas was tortured, shot and killed, as
he was "trying to escape." The following day, U.S. soldiers cut
off his head, boiled it. Where was the skull sent to?
- Library of Congress
- Smithsonian Institution
- University of Arizona Medical Center
6. Soldiers and civilians constantly pursued various
Apache bands for a variety of reasons through the 1860s and 1880s. What
Arizona city's citizen fought the Apache?
7. After two decades of guerrilla warfare, one of
the leaders of the Chiricaua band, chose to make peace and agreed to
relocate to a reservation in the Chiricahua Mountains. Not long afterward,
he died in 1874. In a change of policy, the U.S. government decided to
move the Chiricahuas to the San Carlos reservation in 1876. Who was this
8. In the spring of 1883, who was put in charge of
the Arizona and New Mexico reservations.
- General John G. Bourke
- General Jason Nelson
- General George Crook
9. In April, 1886 Brigadier General Nelson Miles
deployed over 2 dozen heliograph points, coordinating 5,000 soldiers, 500
Apache scouts, 100 Navajo Scouts, and thousands of civilian militia. How
many warriors did Geronimo have?
- 24 warriors
- 224 warriors
- 1, 224 warriors
10. Who was a warrior and chief of the Chihenne band
of the Chiricahua Apaches in what is now New Mexico?