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Apache Wars

Trivia powered by Prof. WalterThe Apache Wars were fought during the nineteenth century between the U.S. military and many tribes in what is now the southwestern United States. The wars lasted from 1851, with the arrival of American settlers, to 1886, the year Geronimo surrendered. However, Apache attacks on white settlers continued until around 1900. Some historians group the Apaches and Navajos together because they have similar languages (Athapascan) and cultures.

What do you know about the Apache Wars?  Try this Apache Wars History Made Easy Trivia quiz.

1. The United States engaged the Navajos and Apaches for their lands or because they affected commerce. Often the military and/or American Indians were provoked by white settlers, speculators or a new federal policy. Apache leaders like Mangas Coloradas of the Bedonkohe; Cochise of the Chokonen (also known as Chiricahua); Victorio of the Chihenne band; Juh of the Nednhi band; Delshay of the Tonto; and Geronimo of the Bedonkohe led war or raiding parties against non-Apaches and resisted the military's attempts, by force and persuasion, to relocate their people to various reservations.

  • True or False?

2. When the United States went to war against Mexico, many Apache bands promised U.S. soldiers safe passage through their lands. When the U.S. claimed former territories of Mexico in 1846, signed a peace treaty, respecting them as conquerors of the Mexicans' land. Who was the Apache leader who signed a peace treaty?

  • Mangas Coloradas
  • Mangas Arizonas
  • Montague

3. An influx of people into the Santa Rita Mountains of New Mexico led to conflict in 1850. Who were the people moving into the Santa Rita Mountains?

  • Oil drillers
  • Gold miners
  • Coal miners

4. In early February 1861 a band of unidentified natives stole cattle and kidnapped the stepson of rancher John Ward near Sonoita, Arizona and Ward immediately sought redress from the nearby U.S. Army. Lieutenant George N. Bascom was dispatched and John Ward accompanied the detail. Upon the advise of military surgeon Dr. Bernard Irwin, Bascom replied by killing the Apache hostages in his custody. The short incident became known as the "Bascom Affair" and while a small affair, initiated another 11 years of open warfare between Anglo-American settlers, the U.S. Army and the Apache band. Later in 1861, Mangas Coloradas and his son-in-law struck an alliance, agreeing to drive all Anglo-Americans out of Apache territory. Who was the Apache leader and Mangas Coloradas's son-in-law?

  • Mangus
  • Cochise
  • Gormanino

5. Mangas arrived under a white flag of truce to meet with Brigadier General Joseph Rodman West, an officer of the California militia and a future senator from Louisiana. Armed soldiers took him into custody, and West is reported to have given an execution order to the sentries. That night Mangas was tortured, shot and killed, as he was "trying to escape." The following day, U.S. soldiers cut off his head, boiled it. Where was the skull sent to?

  • Library of Congress
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • University of Arizona Medical Center

6. Soldiers and civilians constantly pursued various Apache bands for a variety of reasons through the 1860s and 1880s. What Arizona city's citizen fought the Apache?

  • Prescott
  • Phoenix
  • Tucson

7. After two decades of guerrilla warfare, one of the leaders of the Chiricaua band, chose to make peace and agreed to relocate to a reservation in the Chiricahua Mountains. Not long afterward, he died in 1874. In a change of policy, the U.S. government decided to move the Chiricahuas to the San Carlos reservation in 1876. Who was this Chiricaua leader?

  • Tatanka
  • Cochise
  • Hemanise

8. In the spring of 1883, who was put in charge of the Arizona and New Mexico reservations.

  • General John G. Bourke
  • General Jason Nelson
  • General George Crook

9. In April, 1886 Brigadier General Nelson Miles deployed over 2 dozen heliograph points, coordinating 5,000 soldiers, 500 Apache scouts, 100 Navajo Scouts, and thousands of civilian militia. How many warriors did Geronimo have?

  • 24 warriors
  • 224 warriors
  • 1, 224 warriors

10. Who was a warrior and chief of the Chihenne band of the Chiricahua Apaches in what is now New Mexico?

  • Vincintio
  • Kaywaykla
  • Victorio

Check Your Answers


Apache War Answers

  1. True
  2. Mangas Coloradas
  3. Gold miners
  4. Cochise
  5. Smithsonian Institution
  6. Tucson
  7. Cochise
  8. General George Crook
  9. 24 warriors
  10. Victorio

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