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Colonial Maryland

The Province of Maryland is an English colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joins the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and becomes the U.S. state of Maryland.

What do you know about the Colonial Maryland? Try this US History Made Easy Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof. Walter1) Charles I of England grants the charter for Maryland, a proprietary colony of about twelve million acres, to the 2nd Baron Baltimore in the Peerage of Ireland, on June 20, 1632. What is the name of the 2nd Baron Baltimore?

  • George G. Meade
  • Earl Hagger
  • Robert Eden
  • Cecilius Calvert

2) In Maryland, Baltimore seeks to create a haven for a British religious group and to demonstrate that religious groups could live together harmoniously, even issuing the Act Concerning Religion in matters of religion. Like other aristocratic proprietors, he also hopes to turn a profit on the new colony. What is the British religious group?

  • Lutheran
  • Baptist
  • Catholic
  • Morman

3) The British ship lands at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634. The new settlers are led by Lord Baltimore's younger brother, whom Baltimore has delegated to serve as governor of the new colony. The 150 or so surviving immigrants purchase land from the Yaocomico Indians and found St. Mary's City. What is the name of the ship?

  • The Ark and the Dove
  • The Royal Passage
  • Heaven�s Passage
  • The 10 Commandments

4) In 1642, Maryland declares war on the Susquehannocks. The Susquehannock with the help of New Sweden defeat Maryland in 1644. The Susquehannocks remain in an inactive state of war with Maryland until a peace treaty is concluded in 1652.

  • True or False?

5) From1644-1646, it is a period of civil unrest in the Province of Maryland caused by the tensions of the English Civil War. The Governor (1606-1647) leads colonial defenses against Parliamentary privateers such as Captain Richard Ingle and William Claiborne. This conflict is also known as Claiborne and Ingle's Rebellion. What is the period of civil unrest best known as?

  • Time for Prayer
  • Kingdom Revolt
  • The Plundering Time
  • The Maryland Revolt

6) In 1654, after the Third English Civil War (1649-1651), Parliamentary forces assume control of Maryland and the Governor goes into exile in the Colony of Virginia. The Governor returns the following spring at the head of a Cavalier force and marches on Annapolis. At this time there are about 4,500 colonists in Maryland. Who is the Maryland Governor?

  • William Stone
  • William Smith
  • Thomas Madison
  • William Madison

7) The Battle of the Severn is a skirmish fought on March 25, 1655, on the Severn River at Horn Point, across Spa Creek from Annapolis, Maryland, in what at that time is referred to as "Providence", in what is now the neighborhood of Eastport. Following the battle, Providence changes its name to Annapolis in 1694. It is an extension of the conflicts that form the English Civil War, pitting the forces of Puritan settlers against forces aligned with Lord Baltimore, Lord Proprietor of the colony of Maryland at the time. It is suggested that this is the last battle of the English Civil War.

  • True or False?

8) In 1672, Lord Baltimore declares Maryland which includes the settlement on the west shore of the Delaware Bay, an area under the jurisdiction of the Province of New York. A force is dispatched which attacks and captures this settlement. New York can not immediately respond because New York is soon recaptured by the Dutch. Maryland fears the Dutch will use their Iroquois allies to recapture the settlement. This settlement is restored to the Province of New York when New York is recaptured from the Dutch in November, 1674. What is the settlement?

  • Matewan
  • Killmen
  • Whorekills
  • Tonguelash

9) By the 18th century, like its larger neighbor, Virginia, Maryland develops into a plantation colony. In 1700 there are about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland's population is black. Maryland planters also make extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. An extensive system of rivers facilitate the movement of produce from inland plantations to the Atlantic coast for export. Baltimore is the second-most important port in the eighteenth-century South. What is the most important port in the eighteenth-century South?

  • Charleston, South Carolina
  • Richmond, Virginia
  • Washington, D.C.
  • Norfolk, Virginia

10) Maryland declared independence from Britain in 1776, with Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, and Charles Carroll of Carrollton signing the Declaration of Independence for the colony. In the 1776-77 debates over the Articles of Confederation, Maryland delegates led the party that insisted that states with western land claims cede them to the Confederation government, and in 1781, Maryland became the last state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.

  • True or False?

Colonial Maryland

  1. Cecilius Calvert

  2. Catholic

  3. The Ark and the Dove

  4. True

  5. The Plundering Time

  6. William Stone

  7. True

  8. Whorekills

  9. Charleston, South Carolina

  10. True

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