The Province of Georgia (also Georgia Colony)
was one of the Southern colonies in British America. It was the
last of the thirteen original colonies established by Great
Britain in what later became the United States. In the original
grant, a narrow strip of the province extended to the Mississippi
What do you know about the
Georgia Colony? Try this US History Made Easy Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of
1) Who obtains a charter to organize the
- Miles Standish
- Freeman Morgan
- John G. Marshall
- James Oglethorpe
2) The founder envisions the province as a
location for the resettlement of English debtors and "the worthy
poor", although no debtors or convicts are part of the organized
settlement of Georgia.
3) Another motivation for the founding of the
colony is as a "buffer state" (border), or "garrison province"
that will defend the southern part of the British colonies from
4) The founder's imagines a province populated by
"sturdy farmers" that could guard the border; because of this, the
colony's charter permits slavery.
5) The first settlers arrive at Yamacraw
Bluff, in what is now Savannah. What is the date?
- February 12, 1732
- February 12, 1733
- February 12, 1734
- February 12, 1735
6) An American Indian village occupies the
site, but the colony founder arrange for the Native American
Indians to move. Who is the tribe?
7) The original charter specifies the colony as
being between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers, up to their
headwaters (the headwaters of the Altamaha are on the Ocmulgee
River), and then extending westward "sea to sea." The area within
the charter has previously been part of the original colonial
grant. What is the colony?
8) Georgia Cracker refers to the original
American pioneer settlers of the Province of Georgia and their
descendants. The term "cracker" was in use during Elizabethan
times to describe braggarts. The original root of this is the
Middle English word crack meaning "entertaining conversation" (One
may be said to "crack" a joke.)
9) Georgia officially
ceases to be a trustee colony and becomes a crown colony. What is
- January 7, 1755
- February 7, 1755
- March 7, 1755
- April 7, 1755
10) In practice, settlement in the colony is
limited to the near vicinity of the Savannah River. The western
area of the colony remains under American Indian tribe control of
the until after the American Revolutionary War.
- Oswego Indian Confederation
- Creek Indian Confederation
- Mohawk Indian Confederation
- Cherokee Indian Confederation