French and Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a
series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there
that accompanied the European dynastic wars. In Quebec, the wars are
generally referred to as the Intercolonial
Wars. While some
conflicts involved Spanish and Dutch forces, all pitted Great Britain, its
colonies and American Indian allies on one side and France, its colonies
and Indian allies on the other.
What do you
know about the French and Indian Wars? Try this U.S.
History Made Easy FUN Trivia quiz. You'll
find the answers
at the end of the quiz.
The first French and Indian War was the King William's War. It began in
May 1689 after William III of England joined the League of Augsburg
against France. In August, 1689, 1,500 Iroquois attacked the New France
settlement at La Chine before New France had even learned of the start of
the war. The Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 ended the war between the two
colonial powers, reverting the colonial borders to the
What year did the war end?
2. Queen Anne's War (1702 - 1713) was the second in a series of four
French and Indian Wars fought between France and England (later France and
Great Britain). in North America for control of the continent and was the
counterpart of the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe. In addition to
the two main combatants, the war also involved a number of American Indian
tribes and Spain, which was allied with France.
3. King George's War is the name given to the operations in North
America that formed part of the 1740�1748 War of the Austrian
Succession. The name "King George's War" is only used in the
United States. In Britain, Canada, and France, this war is considered a
theatre of the War of the Austrian Succession, with no separate name. What
was the treaty that ended this war?
4. The French and Indian War (1754 - 1763) was the North American
chapter of the Seven Years' War, known in Canada as the War of the
Conquest. It was a major European war. The war lasted how many years?
5. Both the British and the French claimed the vast territory between
the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River, from the Great Lakes
to the Gulf of Mexico, known as the Ohio Country. What was
a method of expansion?
6. American Indians fought for both sides, but primarily alongside the
French (with one exception, which sided with the American colonies and
Britain). Who was the exception?
7. The Virginia governor found himself in a predicament. Many merchants
had invested heavily in fur trading in Ohio. If the French made good on
their claim to the Ohio Country and drove out the British, then the
Virginian merchants would lose a lot of money. Who was the governor?
8. The Virginia governor could not possibly allow the loss of the Ohio
Country to France. To counter the French military presence in Ohio, in
October 1753 Dinwiddie ordered a major of the Virginia militia to deliver
a message to the commander of the French forces in the Ohio Country,
Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre. The major, along with his interpreter
Jacob Van Braam and several other men, left for Fort Le Boeuf on the 31st
of October. Who was the major?
9. The year 1756 brought with it a new Secretary of State of Great
Britain. His new leadership, and France's continued neglect of the
North-American theater, eventually turned the tide in favor of the
British. The French were driven from many frontier posts such as Fort
Niagara, and the key Fortress Louisbourg fell to the British in 1758. In
1759, the Battle of the Plains of Abraham gave Quebec City to the British,
who had to withstand a siege there after the Battle of Sainte-Foy a year
later. Who was the new Secretary of State of Great Britain?
10. The European theatre of the war was settled by the Treaty of
Hubertusburg on February 15, 1763. The war changed economic, political,
and social relations between Britain and its colonies. It plunged Britain
into debt, which the Crown chose to pay off with increased tax money from
its colonies. The British were also keen on keeping the peace in North
America, especially on the colonies' western frontiers, so in an effort to
appease the various Indian tribes the Royal Proclamation of 1763 was
issued, prohibiting colonists from engaging in further expansion west of
the Appalachian Mountains.