What do you know about Colonial America?
History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of
Starting in the late 16th century, the Spanish, the British, the French,
Swedes and the Dutch began to colonize eastern North America. Many early
attempts [notably the Lost Colony of Roanoke] ended in failure, but
successful colonies were soon established.
2) The colonists who came to the New World were not alike; they came
from a variety of different social and religious groups who settled in
different locations on the seaboard. Each group came to the new continent
for different reasons and created colonies with distinct social,
religious, political and economic structures. What is NOT a
colony in the New World?
- New Netherlands
- New Sweden
- New Switzerland
3) The Spanish and Portuguese centuries-old experience of conquest and
colonization during the Reconquista, coupled with new oceanic ship
navigation skills (developed mainly in Italy), provided the tools,
ability, and desire to colonize the New World. What is the is the oldest
continuously settled city established by Europeans in the continental
United States. It was founded by the Spanish under Admiral Pedro Menendez
de Aviles in 1565.
- St. Christian
- St. Augustine
4) New France was the area colonized by France from the exploration of
the Saint Lawrence River. Who lead the exploration of the Saint Lawrence
River in 1534?
- Jacques Cartier
- Pierre Bonapart
- Jacque Lafayette
5) England made its first successful efforts at the start of the 17th
century for several reasons. During this era, English proto-nationalism
and national assertiveness blossomed under the threat of Spanish invasion,
assisted by a degree of Protestant militarism and adoration of Queen
Elizabeth. At this time, however, there was no official attempt by the
English government to create a colonial empire. Rather, the motivation
behind the founding of colonies was piecemeal and variable. Practical
considerations, such as commercial enterprise, over-population and the
desire for freedom of religion, played their parts.
6) The area now known as Espanola was the first European-founded
capital of the "New World." Don Juan de Orate declared a
capital for Spain in 1598. Orate arrived in the Espanola Valley on July
11, 1598 at the confluence of the Chama River and the Rio Grande. What
state is Espanola found?
- New Mexico
7) What is the town formally founded and made a capital in 1610, making
it the oldest capital city in what is today the United States?
- Phoenix, Arizona
- Santa Fe, New Mexico
- Sacramento, California
8) French merchants soon realized the St. Lawrence region was full of
valuable fur, especially of beaver, which were becoming rare in Europe, as
the European beaver had almost been driven to extinction. Eventually, the
French crown decided to colonize the territory to secure and expand its
influence in America. In 1608, who founded the city of Quebec with 28
man workers (no woman before 1617).
- Samuel de Champlain
- Adam Dollard des Ormeaux
- Jean-Baptiste Colbert
9) The Roanoke Colony on Roanoke Island in Dare County in present-day
North Carolina was an enterprise financed and organized in the late 16th
century to establish a permanent English settlement in the Virginia
Colony. Who financed and organized Roanoke Colony?
- Sir Malcolm Hudson
- Sir Henry Hornblower
- Sir Walter Raleigh
10) Because the international law required not only discovery and
charting but also settlement to perfect a territorial claim, the Dutch
landed 30 families on Noten Eylant, in May 1624. What is Noten Eylant
known as today?
- Governors Island
- Manhattan Island
- Liberty Island