In American history, the Gilded Age refers to
substantial growth in population in the United States and extravagant
displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during the
post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction era, in the late 19th century
What do you know about the Gilded
Age? Try this US History Made Easy Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at
the end of the page.
The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain and Charles
Dudley Warner in their 1873 book, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today.
2) The wealth polarization derives primarily from
industrial and population expansion. The businessmen of the Second
Industrial Revolution creates industrial towns and cities in the Northeast
with new factories, and contribute to the creation of an ethnically
diverse industrial working class which produced the wealth owned by rising
super-rich industrialists and financiers. Who was NOT a
Gilded Age super-rich industrialist and financier?
- Cornelius Vanderbilt
- John D. Rockefeller
- Andrew W. Mellon
- Justin Case
3) Their critics call them "robber
barons", referring to their use of overpowering and sometimes
unethical financial manipulations.
4) There was a small, growing labor union movement,
led in part by Samuel Gompers, who created the American Federation of
Labor (AFL), founded in 1886. Who creates the AFL?
- Mark Reynolds
- Samuel Gompers
- Robert Baker
- Sam Steiner
5) During the Gilded Age, American manufacturing
production drops below the combined total of Great Britain, Germany, and
6) What happens on Tuesday May 4, 1886, Chicago,
Illinois, which begins as a rally in support of striking workers?
- Santa Fe Rail Strike
- Haymarket Square Riot
- Homestead Strike
- Panic of 1886
7) Who leads the call for a free market, low
tariffs, low taxes, less spending and, in general, a Laissez-Faire
- Stalwart Republicans
- Half-Breed Republicans
- Bourbon Democrat
- Democrat Mugwumps
8) The best known example of a political machine
from this time period is Tammany Hall in New York City. Who is the leader?
- Big Ben Touch�
- Boss Tweed
- Morgan Freemen
- Boss Roberts
9) During the Gilded Age, many immigrants come to
the United States in what is known as the new immigration, many in search
of religious freedom and greater prosperity. What is the approximate
- 1 million
- 2.5 million
- 5 million
- 10 million
10) Looking Backward: 2000-1887 is a utopian
novel by a lawyer and writer from western Massachusetts, and is first
published in 1888. Who is the writer?
- Edward Bellamy
- Charles Darwin
- Thorstein Veblen
- Susan B. Anthony