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Gilded Age

In American history, the Gilded Age refers to substantial growth in population in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction era, in the late 19th century (1865-1901).

What do you know about the Gilded Age? Try this US History Made Easy Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof. Walter1) The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in their 1873 book, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today.

  • True or False?

2) The wealth polarization derives primarily from industrial and population expansion. The businessmen of the Second Industrial Revolution creates industrial towns and cities in the Northeast with new factories, and contribute to the creation of an ethnically diverse industrial working class which produced the wealth owned by rising super-rich industrialists and financiers. Who was NOT a Gilded Age super-rich industrialist and financier?

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt
  • John D. Rockefeller
  • Andrew W. Mellon
  • Justin Case

3) Their critics call them "robber barons", referring to their use of overpowering and sometimes unethical financial manipulations.

  • True or False?

4) There was a small, growing labor union movement, led in part by Samuel Gompers, who created the American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded in 1886. Who creates the AFL?

  • Mark Reynolds
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Robert Baker
  • Sam Steiner

5) During the Gilded Age, American manufacturing production drops below the combined total of Great Britain, Germany, and France.

  • True or False?

6) What happens on Tuesday May 4, 1886, Chicago, Illinois, which begins as a rally in support of striking workers?

  • Santa Fe Rail Strike
  • Haymarket Square Riot
  • Homestead Strike
  • Panic of 1886

7) Who leads the call for a free market, low tariffs, low taxes, less spending and, in general, a Laissez-Faire (hands-off) government?

  • Stalwart Republicans
  • Half-Breed Republicans
  • Bourbon Democrat
  • Democrat Mugwumps

8) The best known example of a political machine from this time period is Tammany Hall in New York City. Who is the leader?

  • Big Ben Touch�
  • Boss Tweed
  • Morgan Freemen
  • Boss Roberts

9) During the Gilded Age, many immigrants come to the United States in what is known as the new immigration, many in search of religious freedom and greater prosperity. What is the approximate number?

  • 1 million
  • 2.5 million
  • 5 million
  • 10 million

10) Looking Backward: 2000-1887 is a utopian novel by a lawyer and writer from western Massachusetts, and is first published in 1888. Who is the writer?

  • Edward Bellamy
  • Charles Darwin
  • Thorstein Veblen
  • Susan B. Anthony

Check Your Answers

Gilded Age (Answers)

  1. True
  2. Justin Case
  3. True
  4. Samuel Gompers
  5. False. During the Gilded Age, American manufacturing production surpasses the combined total of Great Britain, Germany, and France.
  6. Haymarket Square Riot
  7. Bourbon Democrat
  8. Boss Tweed
  9. 10 million
  10. Edward Bellamy

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