The Allegheny Mountains
Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany)
informally, the Alleghenies is part of the vast Appalachian
Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada.
It has a northeast-southwest orientation and runs
for about 400 miles from north-central Pennsylvania, through western
Maryland and eastern West Virginia, to southwestern Virginia.
What do you know about the Allegheny Mountains?
Explore this Quick US Geography Quiz.
1. The name derives from the Allegheny River,
which drains only a small portion of the Alleghenies in west-central
Pennsylvania. The meaning of the word, which comes from the Lenape
(Delaware) Indians, is not definitively known, but is usually translated
as "fine river". A Lenape legend tells of an ancient tribe
called the "Allegewi" who lived on the river and were defeated
by the Lenape.
2. The word "Allegheny" was once
commonly used to refer to the whole of what are now called the
3. From northeast to southwest, the Allegheny
Mountains run about 400 miles. From west to east, at their widest, what
is the width?
- 100 miles
- 200 miles
- 300 miles
4. The eastern edge of the Alleghenies which is
also sometimes considered the eastern terminus of the Allegheny Plateau.
What is it known as?
- Allegheny Front
- Allegheny Frontier
- Allegheny Peak
5. The highest point in the Allegheny Mountains is
Spruce Mountain in West Virginia. What is the highest peak at 4,863
- Morgan Peak
- Germany Knob
- Spruce Knob
6. What is the Allegheny's highest point in
Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet?
- Blue Knob
- Hall's Peak
- Mount Davis
7. What is the highest point in Maryland at 3360
- Red Ridge
- Cave Mountain
- Backbone Mountain
8. What is NOT a large city in the Allegheny's?
- State College
9. The bedrock of the Alleghenies is mostly
sandstone and metamorphosed sandstone, quartzite, which is extremely
resistant to weathering. Prominent beds of resistant conglomerate can be
found in some areas, such as the Dolly Sods. When it weathers, it leaves
behind a pure white quartzite gravel. What period were the rock layers
of the Alleghenies formed?
- Alleghenian orogeny
- Sonoma orogeny
- Petermann Orogeny
10. Much of the Monongahela (West Virginia),
George Washington (West Virginia, Virginia) and Jefferson (Virginia)
National Forests lie within the Allegheny Mountains.