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California History (1770 to 1846) Made Easy Trivia

Trivia powered by ABEThe California Missions comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local American Indians, but with the added benefit of confirming historic Spanish claims to the area. The missions introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and industry into the California region, while keeping the American Indians in virtual peonage.

What do you know about California History from 1770 to 1846. Try this California History Made Easy Trivia quiz.

1. In order to facilitate overland travel, the mission settlements were situated by about how many miles?

  • 30 miles
  • 60 miles
  • 90 miles

2. It was a one day's long ride on horseback along the 600-mile long el Camino Real (Spanish for "the Royal Road." What is NOT a name of the route today?

  • King's Highway
  • California Mission Trail
  • Freedom Highway

3. How many presidios (Royal Forts), were strategically placed along the California coast and organized into separate military districts, served to protect the missions and other Spanish settlements in Upper California?

  • 4
  • 8
  • 12

4. The Spanish (and later the Mexicans) encouraged settlement with large land grants which were turned into ranchos, where cattle and sheep were raised. Cow hides (at roughly $1 each) and fat (known as tallow, used to make candles as well as soaps) were the primary exports of California until the mid-19th century.

  • True or False?

5. Beginning in the early 1800s, fur trappers of the Russian Empire explored the West Coast, hunting for sea otter pelts as far south as San Diego. Taking advantage of the chaos created by the war between Spain and Mexico, in August 1812, the Russian-American Company set up a fortified trading post, near present day Bodega Bay on the Sonoma Coast sixty miles north of San Francisco on land claimed, but not occupied by, Great Britain. This colony was active until 1841. What was the fortified trading post named?

  • Fort Magnum
  • Fort Czar
  • Fort Ross

6. El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, was established in 1836 by, the Commandante-General of the northern frontier of Alta California, as a part of Mexico's strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. Who established the post?

  • Roberto Vallejo Lopez
  • Jun�pero Serra
  • Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo

7. By the mid-1840s, the increased presence of Americans made the southern part of the California diverge from the northern part, where the Spanish-speaking "Californios" dominated.

  • True or False?

8. First, the Mexican Congress passed the General Law of Expulsion. This law declared all persons born in Spain to be "illegal immigrants" and ordered them to leave the country. When was the bill passed?

  • 1817
  • 1827
  • 1837

9. In 1840, the American adventurer, writer and lawyer Richard Henry Dana, Jr. wrote of his experiences aboard ship off California in the 1830s. What was the book's title?

  • California
  • Two Years Before the Mast
  • The Land of Heaven

10.The leader of a French scientific expedition to California, Eugene Duflot de Mofras, wrote in 1840 "...it is evident that California will belong to whatever nation chooses to send there a man-of-war and two hundred men." In 1841, General Vallejo wrote Governor Alvarado that "...there is no doubt that France is intriguing to become mistress of California," but a series of troubled French governments did not uphold French interests in the area. During disagreements with Mexicans, the German-Swiss "French admire" John Sutter threatened to raise the French flag over California and place himself and his settlement under French protection. What was his settlement?

  • New France
  • New Geneva
  • New Helvetia

California History (1770 to 1846) Answers

  1. 30 miles
  2. Freedom Highway
  3. 4
  4. True
  5. Fort Ross
  6. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
  7. False. By the mid-1840s, the increased presence of Americans made the northern part of the California diverge from the southern part, where the Spanish-speaking "Californios" dominated.
  8. 1827
  9. Two Years Before the Mast
  10. New Helvetia

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