California History (1770 to 1846) Made Easy
California Missions comprise a series of religious outposts established
by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the
Christian doctrine among the local American Indians, but with the added
benefit of confirming historic Spanish claims to the area. The missions
introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and industry into the
California region, while keeping the American Indians in virtual
What do you know about California
History from 1770 to 1846. Try this California History Made Easy Trivia
1. In order to facilitate overland travel, the
mission settlements were situated by about how many miles?
- 30 miles
- 60 miles
- 90 miles
2. It was a one day's long ride on horseback along
the 600-mile long el Camino Real (Spanish for "the Royal
Road." What is NOT a name of the route today?
- King's Highway
- California Mission Trail
- Freedom Highway
3. How many presidios (Royal Forts), were
strategically placed along the California coast and organized into
separate military districts, served to protect the missions and other
Spanish settlements in Upper California?
4. The Spanish (and later the Mexicans) encouraged
settlement with large land grants which were turned into ranchos, where
cattle and sheep were raised. Cow hides (at roughly $1 each) and fat
(known as tallow, used to make candles as well as soaps) were the
primary exports of California until the mid-19th century.
5. Beginning in the early 1800s, fur trappers of
the Russian Empire explored the West Coast, hunting for sea otter pelts
as far south as San Diego. Taking advantage of the chaos created by the
war between Spain and Mexico, in August 1812, the Russian-American
Company set up a fortified trading post, near present day Bodega Bay on
the Sonoma Coast sixty miles north of San Francisco on land claimed, but
not occupied by, Great Britain. This colony was active until 1841. What
was the fortified trading post named?
- Fort Magnum
- Fort Czar
- Fort Ross
6. El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks,
was established in 1836 by, the Commandante-General of the northern
frontier of Alta California, as a part of Mexico's strategy to halt
Russian incursions into the region. Who established the post?
- Roberto Vallejo Lopez
- Jun�pero Serra
- Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
7. By the mid-1840s, the increased presence of
Americans made the southern part of the California diverge from the
northern part, where the Spanish-speaking "Californios"
8. First, the Mexican Congress passed the General
Law of Expulsion. This law declared all persons born in Spain to be
"illegal immigrants" and ordered them to leave the country.
When was the bill passed?
9. In 1840, the American adventurer, writer and
lawyer Richard Henry Dana, Jr. wrote of his experiences aboard ship off
California in the 1830s. What was the book's title?
- Two Years Before the Mast
- The Land of Heaven
10.The leader of a French scientific expedition to
California, Eugene Duflot de Mofras, wrote in 1840 "...it is
evident that California will belong to whatever nation chooses to send
there a man-of-war and two hundred men." In 1841, General Vallejo
wrote Governor Alvarado that "...there is no doubt that France is
intriguing to become mistress of California," but a series of
troubled French governments did not uphold French interests in the area.
During disagreements with Mexicans, the German-Swiss "French
admire" John Sutter threatened to raise the French flag over
California and place himself and his settlement under French protection.
What was his settlement?
- New France
- New Geneva
- New Helvetia