The Gettysburg National Military Park
1195 Baltimore Pike, Suite 100
Gettysburg, PA 17325-2804
By Phone: Visitor Information - 717-334-1124, extension
By Fax: 717-334-1891
Gettysburg Battlefield was the site of the Battle of Gettysburg,
fought July 1-3, 1863, in and around the borough of Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, the county seat of Adams County, which had approximately
2,400 residents at the time. It is now the site of two Federally owned
and administered areas: Gettysburg National Military Park and the
Gettysburg National Cemetery. The Gettysburg Battlefield Historic
District partially overlaps and partially protects other privately
What do you know about the Gettysburg National
Military Park? Explore this Quick US Geography Quiz.
1. The town was the center of a road network that
connected ten nearby Pennsylvania and Maryland towns, including
well-maintained turnpikes to Chambersburg, York, and Baltimore, so was a
natural concentration point for the large armies that descended upon it.
2. To the northwest, a series of low, parallel ridges
lead to the towns of Cashtown and Chambersburg. It is named for the
Lutheran Theological Seminary on its crest. What is the ridge's name?
- Theological Ridge
- Lutheran Ridge
- Seminary Ridge
3. What is the name of the 503 feet hill directly
south of town?
- Cemetery Hill
- Evergreen Hill
- Adams Hill
4. Dominating the landscape are the Round Tops to the
south. Little Round Top is a hill with a rugged, steep slope of 130 feet
above nearby Plum Run (the peak is 550 feet above sea level), strewn
with large boulders; to its southwest, the area with the most
significant boulders, some the size of living rooms. What are the
boulder's known as?
- Devil's Den
- Peach Tree Den
- Round Top Den
5. After the battle, the Army of the Potomac and the
citizens of Gettysburg were left with appalling burdens. The battlefield
was strewn with over 7,000 dead men and the houses, farms, churches, and
public buildings were struggling to deal with 30,000 wounded men. The
stench from the dead soldiers and from the thousands of animal carcasses
was overwhelming. To the east of town, a massive tent city was erected
to attempt medical care for the soldiers, which was named Camp Letterman
after Jonathan Letterman, chief surgeon of the Army of the Potomac.
Contracts were let with entrepreneurs to bury men and animals and the
majority were buried near where they fell.
6. He was responsible for purchasing 600 acres of
privately held land to preserve as a monument. His first priorities for
preservation were Culp's Hill, East Cemetery Hill, and Little Round Top.
Who is the person?
- David McConaughy
- Mark Reynolds
- Roger Smith
7. Dedicated in a ceremony highlighted by Abraham
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, when was the Soldiers' National Cemetery?
- October 19, 1863
- November 19, 1863
- December 19, 1863
8. Where was the first monument to be erected outside
of the cemetery was on August 1, 1878, when the Strong Vincent GAR Post
of Erie, Pennsylvania, memorialized their namesake with a marble tablet
on the spot where he was mortally wounded.
- Little Round Top
- Big Round Top
- Peach Orchard
9. On February 11, 1895, the President signed
legislation sponsored by Dan Sickles that directed the War Department to
establish Gettysburg National Military Park. It accepted from the
Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association a deed conveying ownership
to over 800 acres and 300 monuments in the Park. In 1933, control passed
to the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior,
where it remains today. Who was the president who signed legislation?
- James A. Garfield
- Grover Cleveland
- William McKinley
10. In 2006, what was the park's attendance?
- 1,666,365 visitors
- 2,666,365 visitors
- 4,666,365 visitors