The Gila River is a tributary of the
Colorado River, 650 miles long, in the southwestern states of New Mexico
What do you know about the Gila River? Explore the
Quick US Geography Rivers and Streams Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of
The Gila River has its source in western New Mexico on the western
slopes of Continental Divide in the Black Range. What national forest
does the river pass through?
- Billy the Kid National Forest
- Sky King National Forest
- Gila National Forest
2. The river flows westward into Arizona, past the
town of Safford, Arizona, and along the southern slope of the Gila
Mountains in Graham County.
3. What is the only major dam on the Gila River is
31 miles southeast of Globe, Arizona, which forms the San Carlos Lake.
- Hoover Dam
- Roosevelt Dam
- Coolidge Dam
4. The river bends sharply southward, temporarily,
along the mountains and then it sharply bends westward again near the
town. What is the name of the town and mountains.
5. It flows southwestward through the Gila
Mountains in Yuma County, and finally it flows into the Colorado at
6. After the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848,
the Gila River served as a part of the border between the United States
and Mexico until 1853 which extended American territory well south of
the Gila. The confluence of the Gila with the Colorado river was also
used as a reference point for the southern border of California. What
changed the boundary?
- Calvera War
- Chochise Fight
- Gadsden Purchase
7. What was the name of the dam constructed during
a 3 year period from 1957-1960 by the United States Army Corps of
Engineers to help control seasonal floods on the lower reaches of the
- Saguaro Dam
- Painted Rock Dam
- White Tank Dam
8. A number of minor diversion dams have been
built on the river between the Painted Rock Dam and the Coolidge Dam,
including the Gillespie Dam which was breeched during a flood in 1993.
9. What is NOT a name the Gila River
has been known as?
- Hah-quah-sa eel
- Rio Gila
- Rio Tombstone
10. The mouth of the Gila River is a the Colorado
River at Yuma, Arizona. What is the elevation?
- 118 feet
- 128 feet
- 138 feet