American Civil War - 1862
Celebrate the Civil War: 150 Year Anniversary
January 3: Battle of
Cockpit Point, Virginia, an inconclusive Civil War battle in
January 5 6: Battle of
Hancock, Maryland, an unsuccessful Confederate attack on
January 8: Battle of
Roan's Tan Yard, Missouri, a Union victory: Confederates
John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of
California, is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford.
Battle of Middle Creek, Kentucky, a
Union victory: Union forces under James A. Garfield
defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.
January 18: John Tyler,
10th President of the United States dies. (born 1790)
January 19: Battle of
Mill Springs, Kentucky a Union victory, Felix Zollicoffer
January 30: The first US
ironclad warship, the USS Monitor, is launched.
January 31: Alvan Graham
Clark makes the first observation of Sirius B, a white dwarf
star, through an eighteen inch telescope at Northwestern
February 1: Julia Ward
Howe's Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for
the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.
February 6: General
Ulysses S. Grant gives the United States its first victory
of the war, by capturing Fort Henry, Tennessee.
February 78: Battle of
Roanoke Island North Carolina, a Union victory: Union forces
under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island.
February 10: Battle of
Elizabeth City, North Carolina. It is as a Union victory:
Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.
February 1116: Battle
of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, a Union victory: Confederate
army surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland
February 20 - 21: Battle
of Valverde fought near Fort Craig in New Mexico Territory.
Confederate victory: Union forces routed in New Mexico
February 22: Jefferson
Davis is officially inaugurated in Richmond, Virginia, to a
6-year term as president of the Confederate States of
February 28 April 8:
Battle of Island Number Ten (Battle of New Madrid) ,
Missouri. A Union victory: Union victory by Pope.
March 6-8: The Battle of Pea Ridge: The
Confederates are shut out of Missouri. Union victory: Union
victory ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
8: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is
launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
March 8 9: Battle of
Hampton Roads: The first battle between two ironclad warships,
the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia.
March 13: The U.S.
federal government forbids all Union army officers from
returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the
March 14: Battle of New Bern,
North Carolina. It was a Union victory: Union troops disembark
from ships and capture the town.
March 23: First Battle of
Kernstown, Virginia, a Union victory. Union forces defeat
Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
March 2326: Battle
of Fort Macon, North Carolina. It was a Union victory:
Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
March 28: Battle of Glorieta Pass: In New Mexico, Union
forces succeed in stopping the Confederate invasion of New
Mexico territory (the battle began on March 26).
Stanwix Station, Arizona (New Mexico Territory at the time)
Union victory: Westernmost skirmish of the war.
April 5- May 4: Battle of Yorktown: The battle begins when Union
forces under General George B. McClellan close in on the
Confederate capital Richmond, Virginia.
April 6: In
Tennessee, the Battle of Shiloh begins.
April 7: Battle of
Shiloh: Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeats the
Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
April 1011: Battle of
Fort Pulaski, Georgia. Union victory: Union blockade closes
Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
April 12: Andrew's Raid Union volunteers steal a Confederate
locomotive, setting off The Great Locomotive Chase.
Battle of Peralta, New Mexico (New Mexico Territory at
the time) Union victory: Union forces defeat the 5th Texas
Battle of Picacho Pass. Arizona (New
Mexico Territory at the time) Confederate victory: Confederate
pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
April 1828: Battle of
Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Louisiana, a Union victory:
Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
Battle of South Mills, North Carolina. Inconclusive:
Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
April 25 -
May 1: Forces under Union Admiral David Farragut capture the
Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
April 26: The
besieged Confederate garrison at Fort Macon, North Carolina
April 29 May 30: Siege of Corinth, Mississippi.
It is a Union victory: Union forces capture town, Beauregard
tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.
The California State Normal School (now San Jose State
University) is created by an Act of the California Legislature.
May 5: Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia. Inconclusive:
McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
Battle of Eltham's Landing, Virginia. It is a inconclusive Civil
War battle in Virginia.
May 89: Battle of McDowell,
Virginia. It is a Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson's
Confederates defeat Union forces.
May 11: American Civil
War: The ironclad CSS Virginia is scuttled in the James River
northwest of Norfolk, Virginia.
Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States
Bureau of Agriculture (later renamed the Department of
Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. A
Confederate victory: Union naval attack repelled by Confederate
May 1517: Battle of Princeton Court House, West
Virginia (Virginia at the time). It is a Confederate victory.
May 19: Battle of Whitney's Lane, Arkansas. Union victory:
Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
Capture of Tucson (1862), Arizona. (New Mexico Territory at
the time) Union victory: A Union force of 2,000 took the city
from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law.
May 23: Battle of Front Royal, Virginia. A Confederate victory:
Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their
May 25: First Battle of Winchester, Virginia. A
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P.
May 27: Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia. It
is a Union victory.
May 31 June 1: Battle of Seven Pines,
Virginia. Inconclusive: J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces,
Robert E. Lee
takes command of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Fair Oaks: Both sides claim victory.
June 4: Confederate
troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving
the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
June 5: Battle of Tranter's Creek, North Carolina. It is a Union
victory: Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is
June 6: Battle of Memphis: Union forces capture
Memphis, Tennessee from the Confederates
June 78: First
Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee. It is a Union victory: Union
forces bombard the town.
June 8: Battle of Cross Keys:
Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army
of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula
led by General George B. McClellan.
June 9: Battle of Port
Republic, Virginia. Confederate victory: Costly victory for
June 12: John Winter Robinson, Secretary
of State of Kansas, is convicted and removed from office as the
result of a bond scandal, becoming the first state executive
official to be impeached and removed from office in U.S.
June 16: Battle of James Island (Battle of
Secessionville), South Carolina. Confederate victory: Union
repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying
June 17: Battle of Saint Charles, Arkansas. Union
victory: The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and
June 21: Battle of Simmon's Bluff, South Carolina.
A Union victory:
June 25: Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between McClellan
June 26: Battle of Mechanicsville: Confederate
General Robert E. Lee defeats Union General George McClellan in
the first of the Seven Days' Battles.
June 26: Battle of
Beaver Dam Creek, Virginia. Union victory: (Seven Days) Robert
E. Lee defeated.
June 27: Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia.
Confederate victory: (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
June 2728: Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm, Virginia.
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and
June 29: Battle of Savage's Station, Virginia. It
is inconclusive: (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
July 1: Battle of Tampa, Florida. Its a Confederate victory:
Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
Battle of Glendale, Virginia. Inconclusive: (Seven Days)
McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
Battle of White
Oak Swamp, Virginia. Inconclusive: Indecisive artillery duel.
United States president Abraham
Lincoln signs into law the Pacific Railway Acts, authorizing
construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Union victory: (Seven Days) McClellan
defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
July 2: U.S.
President Abraham Lincoln signs the Morrill Land Grant Act into
law, creating land-grant colleges to teach agricultural and
mechanical sciences across the United States.
July 7: Battle
of Cotton Plant (Battle of Hill's Plantation), Arkansas. It is a
July 13: First Battle of Murfreesboro,
Tennessee. Confederate victory.
July 16: David G. Farragut
becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.
Morgan's Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General
John Hunt Morgan's raid into the North is mostly thwarted when a
large group of his men are captured while trying to escape
across the Ohio River.
July 23: Henry W. Halleck takes
command of the Union Army.
July 24: Martin Van Buren, 8th
President of the United States dies. (born 1782)
August 2: Skirmish at Taberville, Missouri: Union forces force
Confederate troops to march south, near Taberville.
5: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton
Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back
into the city.
August 6: The Confederate ironclad CSS
Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering
damage in a battle with the USS Essex near Baton Rouge,
August 69: Battle of Kirksville, Missouri. It is
a Union victory after Union forces capture town.
Battle of Cedar Mountain: At Cedar Mountain, Virginia,
Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union
forces under General John Pope.
First Battle of
Donaldsonville, Louisiana. It is a Union victory.
First Battle of Independence, Missouri. Confederate victory:
Confederate victory near Kansas City.
Battle of Compton's
Ferry, Missouri. Union victory:
August 14: Abraham Lincoln
meets with a group of prominent African-Americans the first
time a President has done so. He suggests Black people should
migrate to Africa or Central America, but this advice is
August 1516: Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri.
Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to
withdraw after battle.
August 17: Dakota War: A Lakota
(Sioux) uprising begins in Minnesota as Lakota Sioux attack
white settlements along the Minnesota River. They are
overwhelmed by the U.S. military 6 weeks later.
Dakota War: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors
decide not to attack heavily defended Fort Ridgely and instead
turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along
August 2122: Battle of Fort Ridgely, Minnesota. *
Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union
August 2225: First Battle of Rappahannock
Station, Virginia. Inconclusive: Union supplies destroyed during
August 2527: Battle of Manassas Station Ops.,
Virginia. It is a Confederate victory: Jackson turns into Pope's
rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
August 28: Battle of
Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia. Confederate victory: Longstreet
defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
August 28August 30: Second Battle of Bull Run: Confederate
forces inflict a crushing defeat on Union General John Pope.
August 30: Battle of Richmond (Kentucky), Kentucky. Confederate
victory: Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen.
William "Bull" Nelson.
September 1: Battle
of Chantilly: Confederate General Robert E. Lee leads his forces
in an attack on retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia,
driving them away.
September 2: President Abraham Lincoln
reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full
command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the
Battle of Second Bull Run.
September 5: In the Confederacy's
first invasion of the North, General Robert E. Lee leads 55,000
men of the Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac River at
White's Ford near Leesburg, Virginia, into Maryland.
September 1215: Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
(Virginia at the time) Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson
captures Union garrison.
September 13: Battle of Charleston
(1862), West Virginia (Virginia at the time) Confederate
victory: Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha
Battle of Crampton's
Gap, Maryland. Union victory: Union broke the Confederate line
and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically
successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear
of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
Battle of South
Mountain, Maryland. Union victory: McClellan defeats Lee.
September 1417: Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky Confederate
victory: Union force surrenders.
Antietam: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at Sharpsburg,
Maryland, in the bloodiest day in U.S. history (with over 22,000
The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the
single largest civilian disaster during the war.
19: Battle of Iuka: Union troops under Major General William
Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by Major General
Sterling Price at Iuka, Mississippi.
September 1920: Battle
of Shepherdstown , West Virginia (Virginia at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate brigades counterattack and
defeat pursuing Union brigades.
September 22: Preliminary
announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation by President
September 23: Battle of Wood Lake,
Minnesota. * Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee
Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
First Battle of Sabine Pass, Texas. It is a Union victory.
September 30: First Battle of Newtonia , Missouri. Union
victory: Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate
October 13: Battle of Saint
John's Bluff, Florida. Its a Union victory.
Second Battle of Corinth (Battle of Corinth), Mississippi. It is
a Union victory after the Confederate attack fails.
4: Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862) (First Battle of
Galveston), Texas. Union victory:
October 5: Battle of
Hatchie's Bridge, Tennessee. Inconclusive: Confederate force
under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
October 8: Battle
of Perryville: Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt
the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by
General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania,
during a raid into the North.
Battle of Old
Fort Wayne, Oklahoma (Indian Territory at the time) Union
Battle of Pocotaligo, South Carolina. Confederate
victory: Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the
Charleston & Savannah railroad.
October 27: Battle of
Georgia Landing , Louisiana. Union victory:
Skirmish at Island Mound, Missouri Union victory:
Abraham Lincoln removes George B.
McClellan as commander of the Union Army.
Dakota War: In
Minnesota, more than 300 Santee Sioux are found guilty of rape
and murder of white settlers and are sentenced to hang.
November 7: Battle of Clark's Mill, Missouri. Confederate
victory: Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
November 14: Union President Abraham Lincoln approves General
Ambrose Burnside's plan to capture the Confederate capital at
Richmond, Virginia (this leads to a dramatic Union defeat at the
Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13).
Battle of Cane Hill: Union troops led by General John Blunt push
back Confederate forces commanded by General John Marmaduke into
northwestern Arkansas' Boston Mountains.
December 1: In his State of the Union Address, President Abraham
Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered 10
weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.
The first U.S. Navy hospital ships enter service.
Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas. Union victory: Union
secures NW Arkansas.
Battle of Hartsville, Tennessee.
Confederate victory: Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates
infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
December 13: Battle of
Fredericksburg: The Union Army suffers massive casualties and
abandons attempts to capture the Confederate capital of
December 14: Battle of Kinston, North
Carolina. Union victory: Union forces under John G. Foster
defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
December 16: Battle
of White Hall, North Carolina. Inconclusive: Foster fights
indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge, North Carolina. Union victory:
Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
December 18: General Order No. 11, expelling all Jews in his
military district, is issued by General Ulysses S. Grant (it is
rescinded a few weeks later).
December 19: Battle of
Jackson, Tennessee, Tennessee. Union victory: Confederate feint
to distract Union forces.
December 26: Dakota War: William
D. Duly hangs 38 Dakota Sioux in Minnesota.
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou: Another victory for the Confederate
Army, outnumbered 2 to 1, results in 6 times as many Union
casualties, defeating several assaults coordinated by Union
commander William T. Sherman.
December 30: The USS Monitor
sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the
Union (thus dividing Virginia in two).
Battle of Parker's
Cross Roads Tennessee, a Confederate victory: Confederates repel
Union double-pronged assault.
December 31, 1862 - January 2,
1863: Battle of Stones River (Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
Tennessee, a Union victory: Forces fight to draw.