JEB Stuart: The Early Years
Born: February 6, 1833
May 12, 1864 (age 31)
James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart is a U.S. Army officer from
Virginia and a Confederate States Army general during the
American Civil War. He is known to his friends as "Jeb",
from the initials of his given names. Stuart is a cavalry
commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of
cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he
cultivates a cavalier image (red-lined gray cape, yellow sash,
hat cocked to the side with a peacock feather, red flower in his
lapel, often sporting cologne), his serious work makes him the
trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspires
What do you know about JEB Stuart?
Charge with this US Civil War History Made Easy
Trivia quiz? "Check Your
Answers" at the end of the page.
Stuart is born at a plantation in Patrick County, Virginia, near
the border with North Carolina. What is the name
of the plantation?
- Mount Patrick
- Mable Valley Farm
- Laurel Hill Farm
- Triumph Hill Farm
2) He attends Emory & Henry College when he
is 15, from 1848 to 1850.
3) During the summer of 1848, Stuart
attempts to enlist in the U.S. Army, but is rejected as
underage. He obtains an appointment in 1850 to the United States
Military Academy at West Point, New York, from the U.S. House of
Representative congressman, who has defeated his father in the
1848 election. Who is the congressman?
- Archibald Stuart
- Jason Wittman
- Earl Jackson Murphy
- Thomas Hamlet Averett
4) Who is appointed superintendent of the United
States Military Academy in 1852?
- Joseph Johnston
- Thomas J. Jackson
- Robert E. Lee
- George Meade
5) Stuart graduates 13th in his class of 46
in 1854. What does he rank in his class in cavalry
6) Stuart is commissioned a brevet second
lieutenant and assigned to the U.S. Mounted Rifles in Texas.
In 1855, what unit is he transferred too.
- 1st Cavalry Regiment
- 5th Cavalry Regiment
- 10th Cavalry Regiment
- 25th Cavalry Regiment
7) In 1855, Stuart meets Flora Cooke, the
daughter of the commander of the 2nd U.S. Dragoon Regiment,
Lieutenant Colonel Philip St. George Cooke.
8) He is wounded while fighting at Solomon
River, Kansas, against the Cheyenne. Col. Sumner (regiment
commander) orders a charge with drawn sabers against a wave of
Indian arrows. Scattering the warriors, Stuart and three other
lieutenants chase one down, whom Stuart wounds in the thigh with
his pistol. The Cheyenne turns and fires at Stuart with an
old-fashioned pistol, striking him in the chest with a bullet,
which does little more damage than to pierce the skin.
What is the date of the fight?
- July 29, 1855
- July 29, 1856
- July 29, 1857
- July 29, 1858
9) In 1859, Stuart develops a new piece of
cavalry equipment, for which he receives patent number 25,684 on
October 4, a saber hook, or an "improved method of attaching
sabers to belts." The U.S. government pays Stuart for a "right
to use" license and Stuart contracts with Knorr, Nece and Co. of
Philadelphia to manufacture his hook. How much was he
10) While in Washington, D.C., to discuss
government contracts, and in conjunction with his application
for an appointment into the quartermaster department, Stuart
hears about John Brown's raid on the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers
Ferry. Stuart volunteers to be aide-de-camp to Col. Thomas
J. Jackson and accompanies him with a company of U.S. Marines
from the Washington Navy Yard and four companies of Maryland
militia. While delivering Jackson's written surrender
ultimatum to the leader of the group, who has been calling
himself Isaac Smith, Stuart recognizes "Old Ossawatomie Brown"
from his days in Kansas.