William T. Sherman: The Early Years
February 8, 1820
Died: February 14, 1891
William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier,
businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army
during the American Civil War (1861�65), for which he received
recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as
criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies
that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate
States. Military historian Basil Liddell Hart famously declared that
Sherman was "the first modern general".
What do you know about William T. Sherman? Try this
Civil War Trivia quiz. You'll find the answers at the bottom of the page.
1) Where was William Tecumseh Sherman born?
- Lancaster, Ohio
- Macon, Ohio
- Atlanta, Georgia
2) Sherman's unusual given name has always attracted
considerable attention. Sherman himself reports that his middle name grew
from the fact that his father �caught a fancy for the great chief of the
3) Senator Thomas Ewing secured an appointment for
the 16-year-old Sherman as a cadet in the United States Military Academy
at West Point, where he roomed and became good friends with another
important future Civil War General, George H. Thomas. How old was Sherman?
- 16 years old
- 18 years old
- 20 years old
4) As an adult, Sherman signed all his
correspondence (even to his wife) "W.T. Sherman." What did his
friends and family called him?
5) Upon graduation in 1840, Sherman entered the Army
as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery and saw action in Florida
in the Second Seminole War against the Seminole tribe. He was later
stationed in Georgia and South Carolina. As the foster son of a prominent
Whig politician, in Charleston, the popular Lt. Sherman moved within the
upper circles of Old South society.
6) While many of his colleagues saw action in the
Mexican-American War, Sherman performed administrative duties in the
captured territory of California. He and fellow officer Lieutenant
Edward Ord reached the town of Yerba Buena. Two days later, what was Yerba
Buena name changed to?
- Hope Town
- San Francisco
7) In 1853, Sherman resigned his captaincy and
became manager of the San Francisco branch of a St. Louis based bank. He
returned to San Francisco at a time of great turmoil in the West. He
survived two shipwrecks and floated through the Golden Gate on the
overturned hull of a foundering lumber schooner.
8) He married Eleanor Boyle ("Ellen")
Ewing, in a Washington ceremony. Who attended the wedding?
- President Zachary Taylor
- Abraham Lincoln
- Robert E. Lee
9) In 1859, Sherman accepted a job as the first
superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military
Academy in Pineville, Louisiana. What is the school known as today?
- Louisiana State University
- University of New Orleans
- University of Louisiana
10) After Fort Sumter, Sherman quit the Louisiana
school. Sherman became president of the St. Louis Railroad, a streetcar