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Ulysses S. Grant: Civil War 1861-July, 1863

Trivia powered by Prof. WalterBorn: April 27, 1822
Died: July 23, 1885 (age 63)

Shortly after Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln put out a call for 75,000 militia volunteers. Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers and accompanied it to Springfield, the capital of Illinois. Grant accepted a position offered by Illinois Governor Richard Yates to recruit and train volunteers, which he accomplished with efficiency.

What do you know about Ulysses S. Grant during the Civil War?
Try this US Civil War Trivia quiz.

1) Grant pressed for a field command. In June 1861, Gov. Yates appointed him a colonel in the Illinois militia and gave him command of undisciplined and rebellious regiment.
What was the regiment?

  1. 1st Illinois Infantry

  2. 21st Illinois Infantry

  3. 35th Illinois Infantry

2) In August, Grant was appointed brigadier general of the militia volunteers by Lincoln, who had been lobbied by Congressman Elihu Washburne. At the end of August, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
Who was the Western Theater commander?

  1. Major General Claiborne Jackson

  2. Major General John C. Fremont

  3. Major General John Sullivan

3) Grant's first important strategic act of the war was to take the initiative to seize a Ohio River town, immediately after the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus, Kentucky.
What town did Grant seize?

  1. Louisville, Kentucky

  2. Paducah, Kentucky

  3. Lexington, Kentucky

4) He fought his first battle, an indecisive action against Confederate Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, at Belmont, Missouri.
When did it happen?

  1. October 1861

  2. November 1861

  3. December 1861

5) At Fort Donelson, an old friend of Grant's and a West Point classmate, and senior commander at the time, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."
Who was the old friend the helped give him the nickname "Unconditional Surrender".

  1. Simon B. Buckner

  2. Gideon J. Pillow

  3. Claiborne Jackson

6) The victory at Shiloh came at a high price; with approximately 12,000 casualties on each side, it was the bloodiest battle in the history of the United States up to that time and had unpleasant repercussions for Grant. As previously planned, Grant's superior in the Department of the Mississippi, Henry Halleck, arrived at Pittsburg Landing to take personal command in the field.

  • True or False?

7) Grant was given the position of second-in-command of the entire 100,000-man force. He became very dissatisfied with this arrangement, which he complained was a censure and akin to an arrest. He explored the possibility of obtaining an assignment elsewhere and might have left the Army altogether after the Union forces occupied Corinth on May 30. The intervention of his subordinate and good friend, , caused him to remain.
Who was the friend?

  1. Philip Sheridan

  2. George Crook

  3. William T. Sherman

8) In an attempt to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Grant spent the winter of 1862-1863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous. These attempts failed. One newspaper complained that "[t]he army was being ruined in mud-turtle expeditions, under the leadership of a drunkard, whose confidential adviser [Sherman] was a lunatic."

  • True or False?

9) Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won the Battle of Champion Hill. The Confederates retreated inside their fortifications at Vicksburg, and Grant promptly surrounded the city. Finding that assaults against the impregnable breastworks were futile, he settled in for a six-week siege. Cut off and with no possibility of relief, John C. Pemberton surrendered to Grant. 
On what date did Pemberton surrender?

  1. July 2, 1863

  2. July 3, 1863

  3. July 4, 1863

10) It was a devastating defeat for the Southern cause, effectively splitting the Confederacy in two, and, in conjunction with the Union victory at Gettysburg the previous day, is widely considered the turning point of the war.  For this victory, President Lincoln promoted Grant to the rank of major general in the regular army, effective July 4.

  • True or False?

More Do You Know about the American Civil War

Ulysses S. Grant: Civil War 1861-July, 1863

1) B.  2) B.  3) B.  4) B.  5) A.  6) True  7) C.  8) True.  9) C.  10) True


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