Battle of Shiloh - April 6, 1862
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1) Johnston's approach and dawn assault achieved
almost total strategic and tactical surprise. The Union army had
virtually no patrols in place for early warning. Grant
telegraphed to Halleck on the night of April 5, "I have
scarcely the faintest idea of an attack (general one) being made
upon us, but will be prepared should such a thing take
2) Grant's senior commander in the encampment,
did not believe that the Confederates were anywhere nearby. He
discounted any possibility of an attack from the south,
expecting that Johnston would eventually attack from the
direction of Purdy, Tennessee, to the west.
Who was Grant's
- Philip Sheridan
- George Crook
- William T. Sherman
3. Early that morning Colonel Everett Peabody,
commanding Prentiss's 1st Brigade, had sent forward part of a
regiment on a reconnaissance, and they became engaged with
Confederate outposts at 5:15 a.m.
What was the regiment?
- 25th Missouri Infantry
- 25th Iowa Infantry
- 25th Kansas Infantry
4. Johnston's strategy was to emphasize the
attack on his right flank to prevent the Union Army from
reaching the Tennessee River, its supply line and avenue of
retreat. He ordered his second in command to stay in the rear
and direct men and supplies as needed.
Who was the second in
- P.G.T. Beauregard
- R.G. Armstrong
- George Scott
5) During this period, Sherman, who had been so
negligent in preparation for the battle, became one of its most
important elements. He appeared everywhere along his lines,
inspiring his raw recruits to resist the initial assaults
despite staggering losses on both sides. He received two minor
How many horses were shot out from under him?
- One horse
- Three horses
- Five horses
6. Sherman's division bore the brunt of the
initial attack, and despite heavy fire on their position and
their right flank crumbling, they fought on stubbornly. The
Union troops slowly lost ground and fell back to a position
behind Shiloh Church. John A. McClernand's division temporarily
stabilized the position. However, Johnston's forces made steady
progress until noon, rolling up Union positions one by one.
7) General Grant was about ten miles down river
on a gunboat at Savannah, Tennessee, that morning. On April 4,
he had been injured when his horse fell and pinned him
underneath. He was convalescing and unable to move without
crutches. He heard the sound of artillery fire and raced to the
What time did he arrive on the battlefield?
- 6:30 a.m.
- 8:30 a.m.
- 10:30 a.m.
8) Wallace arrived at the end of his march to
find that Sherman had been forced back and was no longer where
Wallace thought he was. Moreover, the battle line had moved so
far that Wallace now found himself in the rear of the advancing
Southern troops. He decided to turn his troops around and march
back to Stoney Lonesome. He finally arrives back at Pittsburg
Landing between 6:30 p.m. and 7 p.m.
what is Lew Wallace
best known for today?
- Battlefield commander
- Territorial governor of New Mexico
- Author of Ben Hur
9) The main Union defensive line, starting at
about 9:00 a.m., men of Prentiss's and W.H.L. Wallace's
divisions established and held a position nicknamed the Hornet's
Nest, in a field along a road now popularly called the
Who was mortally wounded at about 2:30
p.m. while leading attacks on the Union left?
- Albert Johnston
- Ben Johnson
- George Montgomery
10) Who's army began to arrive that evening,
with his men fully on the scene by 4 a.m., in time to turn the
tide the next day?
- Don Carlos Buell
- George Meade
- George Crook