First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas): July 21, 1861
The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as
the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate
forces) was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County,
Virginia, near the City of Manassas. It was the first
major land battle of the American Civil War.
What do you know about The First
Battle of Bull Run or the First Battle of
Try this Alan’s US Civil War
History Made Easy Quiz.
“Check Your Answers”
at the end of the page.
Bull Run was the largest and bloodiest battle in American
history up to that point. Union casualties were 460 killed,
1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured; Confederate
casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing.
Who was the first Confederate brigade commander to be
killed in the Civil War?
- Francis S. Bartow
- Francis S. Henderson
- Francis S. Miller
2) Union forces and civilians alike feared that
Confederate forces would advance on Washington, D.C., with very
little standing in their way.
3) The Northern public was shocked at the
unexpected defeat of their army when an easy victory had been
widely anticipated. Both sides quickly came to realize the war
would be longer and more brutal than they had imagined. On July
22 President Lincoln signed a bill that provided for the
enlistment for more troops for up to three years of service.
What was the number of troops in the bill?
4) The reaction in the Confederacy was more
intense. There was much public celebration as the Southerners
realized that despite their victory, the fewer battles that
would inevitably come would mean less losses for their side as
5) Who was considered the hero of the battle and was
promoted that day by President Davis to full general in the
- P.G.T. Beauregard
- Junior Johnson
- Robert E. Lee
6) Stonewall Jackson, arguably the most
important tactical contributor to the victory, received no
special recognition, but would later achieve glory for what
- 1862 Valley Campaign
- 1862 West Virginia Campaign
- 1862 Sharpsburg Campaign
7) Irvin McDowell bore the brunt of the blame for the Union
defeat and was soon replaced by Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan,
who was named general-in-chief of all the Union armies.
What Union general was also relieved of command?
- Robert Johnson
8) Battlefield confusion between the battle
flags, especially the similarity of the Confederacy's "Stars and
Bars" and the Union's "Stars and Stripes" when fluttering, led
to the adoption of the Confederate Battle Flag, which eventually
became the most popular symbol of the Confederacy and the South
9) A lieutenant of the 5th U.S. Artillery was
awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions at
First Manassas. He would eventually rise to the rank of
brevet Major General. He would outlive all other general
officers of the Civil War, dying in 1933 at the age of 97.
Who was the Union officer?
- Adelbert Ames
- George Chamberlin
- Herbert Walker
10) Congressman Alfred Ely was captured by
pursuing Confederates during the retreat after First Manassas.
Ely spent five months in Libby Prison in Richmond, before being
released. He returned to Washington and published an account of
his experience the following year.
What state did
Alfred Ely represent?
11) Capt. James Ricketts was wounded and
captured while commanding a Union battery at First Manassas. His
wife Fannie found him at a field hospital, and accompanied her
husband to a Richmond prison to nurse him back to health.
What rank did James Ricketts end
the war as?
- Major General