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First Battle of Bull Run: Background | Part 1 | Part 2 | Aftermath

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First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas): July 21, 1861 (Part 1)

The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces) was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the City of Manassas.  It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War.

What do you know about The First Battle of Bull Run or the First Battle of Manassas?
Try this Alanís US Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
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First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861) - Trivia powered by ABE1) On the morning of July 21, Gen. Irvin McDowell sent the divisions of Hunter and Heintzelman (about 12,000 men) from Centreville at 2:30 a.m., marching southwest on the Warrenton Turnpike and then turning northwest toward Sudley Springs.

  • True or False?

2) The First Division (about 8,000) marched directly toward the Stone Bridge. The inexperienced units immediately developed logistical problems. His division blocked the advance of the main flanking column on the turnpike.

Who commanded the First Division?

  • Tyler Florence
  • Malcolm Taylor
  • Daniel Tyler

3) Gen. David Hunter and Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelmanís divisions found the approach roads to Sudley Springs were inadequate, little more than a cart path in some places.
When did they begin fording Bull Run?

7:30 a.m.
9:30 a.m.
11:30 a.m.

4) When did the Unionís First Division reach the Stone Bridge?

  • around 6 a.m.
  • around 7 a.m.
  • around 8 a.m.

5) At 5:15 a.m., Col. Israel B. Richardson's brigade fired a few artillery rounds across Mitchell's Ford on the Confederate right, some of which hit Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard's headquarters in the Wilmer McLean house as he was eating breakfast, alerting him to the fact that his offensive battle plan had been preempted.

  • True or False?

6) What Confederate forces were setup at Union Mills Ford?

  • Brig. Gen. Richard S. Ewell
  • Brig. Gen. Robert Mann
  • Brig. Gen. Mark Reynolds

7) All that stood in the path of the 20,000 Union soldiers converging on the Confederate left flank were Col. Nathan "Shanks" Evans and his reduced brigade of 1,100 men.
What is NOT a regiment in Evanís brigade?

  • 4th Alabama
  • 4th South Carolina
  • 30th Virginia Cavalry

8) Col. Evans was informed of the main Union flanking movement through Sudley Springs by Beauregard's signal officer, observing from 8 miles southwest on Signal Hill. In the first use of wig-wag semaphore signaling in combat, Alexander sent the message "Look out for your left, your position is turned." Shanks Evans hastily led 900 of his men from their position fronting the Stone Bridge to a new location on the slopes of Matthews Hill, a low rise to the northwest of his previous position.
Who sent the message to Col. Evans?

  • Captain Edward Porter Alexander
  • Captain Michael McWeeny
  • Captain Edward Porter

9) "Shanks" Evans soon received reinforcement from two other brigades under Brig. Gen. Barnard Bee and Col. Francis S. Bartow, bringing the force on the flank to 2,800 men. They successfully slowed Hunter's lead brigade (Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside) in its attempts to ford Bull Run and advance across Young's Branch, at the northern end of Henry House Hill.
Who commanded Union Gen. Hunterís lead brigade?

  • Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside
  • Brig. Gen. Thomas Lee
  • Brig. Gen. George A. Custer

10) One of Tyler's brigade commanders crossed at an unguarded ford and struck the right flank of the Confederate defenders. This surprise attack, coupled with pressure from Union forces collapsed the Confederate line shortly after 11:30 a.m., sending them in a disorderly retreat to Henry House Hill.
Who was the Union brigade commander crossed at an unguarded ford and struck the right flank of the Confederate defenders?

  • Col. Ulysses S. Grant
  • Col. William T. Sherman
  • Col. Philip Sheridan

11) As Confederate forces retreated from their Matthews Hill position, the remainder of Evans's, Bee's, and Bartow's commands received some cover from Capt. John D. Imboden and his battery of four 6-pounder guns, who held off the Union advance while the Confederates attempted to regroup on Henry House Hill. They were met by generals Joseph E. Johnston and Beauregard, who had just arrived from Johnston's headquarters at the M. Lewis Farm, "Portici". McDowell did not press his advantage and attempt to seize the strategic ground immediately, choosing to bombard the hill with the batteries of Capts. James B. Ricketts (Battery I, 1st U.S. Artillery) and Charles Griffin (Battery D, 5th U.S.) from Dogan's Ridge.

  • True or False?

First Battle of Bull Run: July 21, 1861 (Part 1)

  1. True

  2. Daniel Tyler

  3. 9:30 a.m.

  4. around 6 a.m.

  5. True

  6. Brig. Gen. Richard S. Ewell

  7. 4th Alabama

  8. Captain Edward Porter Alexander

  9. Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside

  10. Col. William T. Sherman

  11. True

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