First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas): July 21, 1861
The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as
the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate
forces) was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County,
Virginia, near the City of Manassas. It was the first
major land battle of the American Civil War.
What do you know about The First
Battle of Bull Run or the First Battle of
Try this Alan’s US Civil War
History Made Easy Quiz.
“Check Your Answers”
at the end of the page.
Irvin McDowell was promoted to brigadier general in the regular
army on , and given command of the Army of Northeastern
Virginia, despite never having commanded troops in combat.
When was McDowell promoted and given command of the Army
of Northeastern Virginia?
- April 14, 1861
- May 14, 1861
- June 14, 1861
2) Just months after the start of the war at
Fort Sumter, the Northern public clamored for a march against
the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, which could bring
an early end to the war.
3) On July 16, 1861, the general departed
Washington with the largest field army yet gathered on the North
What was McDowell’s estimated strength?
- about 25,000 men
- about 35,000 men
- about 45,000 men
4) McDowell's plan was to move westward in
three columns, make a diversionary attack on the Confederate
line at Bull Run with two columns, while the third column moved
around the Confederates' right flank to the south, cutting the
railroad to Richmond and threatening the rear of the rebel army.
He assumed that the Confederates would be forced to abandon
Manassas Junction and fall back to the next defensible line in
Virginia, which would relieve some of the pressure on the U.S.
What would be the next defensible line in
- New River
- Potomac River
- Rappahannock River
5) The Confederate Army of the Potomac with
about 20,000 men under Beauregard was encamped near Manassas
Junction, approximately 25 miles (40 km) from the United States
Who commanded the Confederate troops at
- Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard
- Brig. Gen. Richard S. Ewell
- Brig. Gen. James Longstreet
6) Union Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson's 18,000
men engaged the Army of the Shenandoah in the Shenandoah Valley,
preventing them from reinforcing Beauregard.
commands the Confederate’s the Army of the Shenandoah?
- Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson
- Brig. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston
- Brig. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith
7) On July 18, the Union commander sent a
division under Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler to pass on the
Confederate right (southeast) flank. Tyler was drawn into a
skirmish at Blackburn's Ford over Bull Run and made no headway.
8) McDowell resolved to attack the
Confederate left (northwest) flank instead. He planned to attack
with Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler's division at the Stone Bridge on
What was the name of the turnpike?
- Warrenton Turnpike
- Washington Turnpike
- Vienna Turnpike
9) McDowell want to send the
divisions of Brig. Gens. David Hunter and Samuel P. Heintzelman
over what Bull Run ford?
- Ball’s Ford
- Stuart’s Ford
- Sudley Springs Ford
10) What Confederate troops arrived between July 19
and July 20 to increase the strength of the Confederate forces.
- Army of the Tennessee
- Army of the Shenandoah
- Army of the Western Virginia
11) McDowell was getting contradictory
information from his intelligence agents, so he called for the
balloon, which was being demonstrated by Prof. Thaddeus S. C.
Lowe in Washington, to perform aerial reconnaissance.
What was the name of the balloon?