Battle of Gettysburg
Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 1)
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day:
Pickett’s Charge (part 1)?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
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1) Pickett's Charge was planned for a single
Confederate division, commanded by Maj. Gen. George Pickett,
consisting of troops from Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's First
2) The target of the Confederate assault was
the center of the Union Army of the Potomac's II Corps.
Who commanded II Corps?
Maj. Gen. Wade Forest
Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock
Maj. Gen. Owen Wilson
3) Directly in the center was the division of
Brig. Gen. John Gibbon with the brigades of Brig. Gen. William
Harrow, Col. Norman J. Hall, and Brig. Gen. Alexander S. Webb.
On the night of July 2, Union commander General George G. Meade
correctly predicted to Gibbon at a council of war that Lee would
try an attack on Gibbon's sector the following morning.
4) General Meade's headquarters were just
behind the II Corps line, in the small house.
owned the house?
widow Lydia Arnold
widow Lydia Leister
widow Lydia Pickle
5) The specific objective of the assault has
been the source of historical controversy. Traditionally, the
"copse of trees" on Cemetery Ridge has been cited as the visual
landmark for the attacking force. Historical treatments such as
the 1993 film Gettysburg continue to popularize this view, which
originated in the work of the Gettysburg Battlefield historian
in the 1880s.
Who was the historian?
John B. Bachelder
6) Some Gettysburg National Military Park
historians have suggested that Lee's goal was actually a more
prominent and highly visible grouping of trees about 300 yards
north of the “copse of trees.” The debated theory suggests that
Lee's general plan for the second-day attacks had not changed on
the third day, and the attacks on July 3 were also aimed at
securing the hill and the network of roads it commanded. The
“copse of trees,” currently a prominent landmark, was under ten
feet high in 1863, only visible to a portion of the attacking
columns from certain parts of the battlefield. What is the
Peach Orchard along the Emmitsburg Road
Spangler’s Woods on Seminary Ridge
Ziegler's Grove on Cemetery Hill
7) From the beginning of the planning, things
went awry for the Confederates. While Pickett's division had not
been used yet at Gettysburg, A.P. Hill's health became an issue
and he did not participate in selecting which of his troops were
to be used for the charge. Some of Hill's corps had fought
lightly on July 1 and not at all on July 2. However, troops that
had done heavy fighting on July 1 ended up making the charge.
8) Although the assault is known to popular history as
Pickett's Charge, who did Lee give overall command too?
John S. Mosby
9) In conjunction with the infantry assault,
Lee planned a cavalry action in the Union rear. The cavalry
commander led his cavalry division to the east, prepared to
exploit Lee's hoped-for breakthrough by attacking the Union rear
and disrupting its line of communications (and retreat) along
the Baltimore Pike.
Who was the cavalry
Lt. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill
Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood
Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart
10) Some of the many criticisms of Robert E.
Lee’s Gettysburg performance by the postbellum Lost Cause
authors cite this failure as evidence that he deliberately
undermined his plan for the battle.