Battle of Gettysburg
Third Day: Culp's Hill (July 3, 1863)
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day: Culp's
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
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On July 3, General Robert E. Lee's plan was to renew his attacks
by coordinating the action on Culp's Hill with another attack by
Longstreet and A.P. Hill against Cemetery Ridge.
True or False?
2) At dawn, five Union batteries opened fire on
a Confederate brigade in the positions they had captured and
kept them pinned down for 30 minutes before a planned attack by
two of Maj. Gen. John W. Geary's brigades.
commanded the Confederate brigade?
Col. Scot Freeland
Major Ira Randolph
Brig. Gen. George H. Steuart
3) The Confederates beat them to the punch. An
attempt by Lee to hold off the start of the fighting was
fruitless. Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell sent back a
terse reply by messenger: "Too late to recall."
True or False?
4) Since the fighting had stopped the previous night, the Union
XI Corps units had been reinforced by additional troops.
Who did NOT send troops?
5) Gen. Ewell had reinforced his division
commander, Maj. Gen. Edward "Allegheny" Johnson with additional
brigades from the division of Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes.
From 1846 to 1849 and 1864 to 1865, which brigade
commander was the Governor of Virginia?
Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel
Col. Edward A. O'Neal
Brig. Gen. William "Extra Billy" Smith
6) In the final of the three Confederate
attacks, around Brig. Gen. James A. Walker's Stonewall Brigade
and Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel Daniel's North Carolina brigade
assaulted Brig. Gen. George S. Greene from the east, while
Steuart's brigade advanced over the open field toward the main
hill against the brigades of Col. Charles Candy and Brig. Gen.
Thomas L. Kane, which did not have the advantage of strong
breastworks to fight behind.
When did the third
7) The 1st Maryland Potomac
Home Brigade (despite its name, a regiment of inexperienced
recruits) was badly shot up struggling for a stone wall crossing
the open field parallel to the line of works. Union General
Geary replaced them with the 147th Pennsylvania of Candy's
brigade, which charged successfully, giving the field the name
"Baker Field" after the Pennsylvanians' Lt. Col. Peter Baker.
8) The end of the fighting
came near noon, with a futile attack by two Union regiments, 2nd
Massachusetts and the 27th Indiana.
What was the
location of the attack?
9) When Lt. Col. Charles
Mudge of the 2nd Massachusetts heard the order he insisted that
the officer repeat it. He was then quoted as saying "Well, it is
murder, but it's the order." The two regiments attacked in
sequence with the Massachusetts men in front, and they were both
How many men did the 2nd Massachusetts lose?
10) Two of Henry Culp's
nephews were brothers: John Wesley Culp and William Culp. Wesley
joined the Confederate States Army and William the Union Army.
Wesley's regiment, the 2nd Virginia Infantry, fought at Culp's
Hill, and he was killed in the fighting on his family property
on July 3. Ironically, he allegedly was carrying a message from
another soldier, just deceased, to "Ginnie" Wade, the only
civilian killed during the battle. (His brother William was not
present at Gettysburg and survived the war.)