Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: Little Round Top
(July 2, 1863)
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Second Day: Little
Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
Little Round Top is approximately two miles south of Gettysburg,
with a rugged, steep slope rising 150 feet above nearby Plum Run
to the west (the peak is 650 feet above sea level), strewn with
large boulders. The western slope is generally free from
vegetation, while the summit and eastern and southern slopes are
lightly wooded. Directly to the south is its companion hill, Big
Round Top, 130 feet higher and densely wooded.
2) Little Round Top is undefended by Union
troops. Climbing Little Round Top, a Union general finds only a
small Signal Corps station there. He sees the glint of bayonets
in the sun to the southwest and realizes that a Confederate
assault into the Union flank is imminent. He hurriedly sends
staff officers, to find help from any available units in the
Who is the Union general?
- Gouverneur K. Warren
- Warren G. Harding
- James Garfield
- John Small
3) Col. Strong Vincent, commander of the third
brigade, seizes the initiative and directs his four regiments to
Little Round Top without waiting for permission.
unit does Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain command on Little Round
- 20th Pennsylvania
- 20th New Jersey
- 20th Vermont
- 20th Maine
4) Dispatching the 4th, 15th, and 47th Alabama,
and the 4th and 5th Texas to Little Round Top, Brig. Gen.
Evander Law orders his men to take the hill. The men are
exhausted, having marched more than 20 miles that day to reach
this point. The 15th Alabama, repositions further right and
attempts to find the Union left flank.
commands the 15th Alabama?
- Col. Abraham Johnson
- Col. Harry Morrison
- Col. William Kinney
- Col. William C. Oates
5) On the final charge, knowing that his men are out of
ammunition, that his numbers are being depleted, and further
knowing that another charge can not be repulsed, Chamberlain
orders a maneuver that is considered unusual for the day:
He orders his left flank, which has been pulled back, to advance
6) Rallying the crumbling regiment (the
smallest in his brigade, with only 263 men) several times,
Vincent is mortally wounded during one Texas charge and is
succeeded by Colonel James C. Rice. Vincent dies on July 7, but
not before receiving a deathbed promotion to brigadier general.
What is the regiment?
- 16th Michigan
- 26th Michigan
- 36th Michigan
- 46th Michigan
7) Before the Michiganders can be demoralized,
reinforcements arrive in the form of a infantry regiment and a
battery of four guns, Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery, commanded
by Lt. Charles E. Hazlett.
What is the regiment?
- 14th New York
- 140th New York
- 240th New York
- 28th New York
8) Simply maneuvering these guns by hand up the
steep and rocky slope of the hill is an amazing achievement.
9) Who is NOT killed in the
fighting on Little Round Top?
- Patrick "Paddy" O'Rorke
- Stephen Weed's
- Charles E. Hazlett
- Robert J. Baker
10) Little Round Top is the starting point for
a Union counterattack at dusk on July 2, conducted by the 3rd
Division of the V Corps (the Pennsylvania Reserves) under Brig.
Gen. Samuel W. Crawford.
It is launched in the
direction of what battlefield segment?
- Devil's Den
- Seminary Ridge
- Peach Orchard
11) On July 3, Hazlett's battery (now under the
command of Lt. Benjamin Rittenhouse) fires into the flank of the
Confederate assault known as Pickett's Charge. Near the end of
that engagement, General Meade observes from Little Round Top
and contemplates his options for a possible counterattack
12) The battle on July 2 is one of bloodiest
Civil War battles. Of the 2,996 Union troops engaged, there is
565 casualties (134 killed, 402 wounded, 29 missing);
Confederate losses of 4,864 engaged are 1,185 (279 killed, 868
wounded, 219 missing).