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Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Union Retreat

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg: First Day: Union Retreat
Try this Alan's U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof ABEJuly 1, 1863, Union Retreat - The sequence of retreating units remains unclear.  I Corps and XI Corps cast blame on the other.  There are three main versions of events exist.

1) The first, most prevalent, version was that the fiasco on Blocher's Knoll triggers a collapse that ran counterclockwise around the line.

  • True or False?

2) The second was that Barlow's line, train tracks, Oak Hill and the Seminary defense collapsed at about the same time.

  • True or False?

3) The third was that Gamble's division in the center gave way and that spread both left and right.

  • True or False?

4) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat - Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard told Maj. Gen. George G. Meade that his Corps was forced to retreat only because the I Corps collapses first on his flank, which may have reduced his embarrassment but is unappreciated by I Corps.
Who's career was ruined by Howard's story?

  • Maj. Gen. Henry Heth
  • Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill
  • Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday
  • Brig. Gen. James H. Lane

5) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat - The brigades on Seminary Ridge are said to move deliberately and slowly, keeping in control, although Col. Wainwright's artillery is not informed of the order to retreat and found themselves alone. When Wainwright realizes his situation, he orders his gun crews to withdraw at a walk, not wishing to panic the infantry and start a rout. As pressure eventually increases, Wainwright orders his 17 remaining guns to gallop down Chambersburg Street, three abreast.

  • True or False?

6) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat -
Who fails to commit any of his reserves to the pursuit of the Seminary defenders, a great missed opportunity.

  • John Hill
  • A.P. Hill
  • J.E.B. Stuart
  • Isaac R. Trimble

7) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat - Near the railroad cut, Junius Daniel's Brigade renews their assault, and almost 500 Union soldiers surrender and are taken prisoner. Paul's Brigade, under attack by Dodson Ramseur, becomes seriously isolated and Gen. John C. Robinson orders it to withdraw. He orders a regiment to hold its position "at any cost" as a rear guard against the enemy pursuit. The regiment, commanded by Col. Charles Tilden, returns to the stone wall on the Mummasburg Road, and their fierce fire gives sufficient time for the rest of the brigade to escape, which they do, in considerably more disarray than those from the Seminary. The regiment starts the day with 298 men, but at the end of this holding action there are only 35 survivors.
What is the regiment?

  • 16th New York
  • 16th Ohio
  • 16th Maine
  • 16th Indiana

8) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat - For the XI Corps, it is a sad reminder of their retreat at Chancellorsville in May. Under heavy pursuit by Hays and Avery, they clogg the streets of the town; no one in the corps have planned routes for this contingency. Hand-to-hand fighting brakes out in various places. Parts of the corps conduct an organized fighting retreat, such as Col. Charles Coster's stand in the brickyard. The private citizens of Gettysburg panic amidst the turmoil, and artillery shells bursting overhead and fleeing refugees added to the congestion. Some soldiers seek to avoid capture by hiding in basements and in fenced backyards.
Who was one such person who climbs a fence and hides behind a woodpile in the kitchen garden of the Garlach family for the rest of the three-day battle.

  • George S. Greene
  • Moran Raymond
  • Ira Hayes
  • Alexander Schimmelfennig

9) July 1, 1863, Union Retreat - At midday, Gen. Meade is nine miles south of Gettysburg when he hears that Reynolds has been killed. He immediately dispatched his commander of the II Corps and his most trusted subordinate, to the scene with orders to take command of the field and to determine whether Gettysburg was an appropriate place for a major battle.
Who was the II Corps commander?

  • Winfield Scott Hancock
  • John C. Hancock
  • John Sedgwick
  • Daniel E. Sickles

10) July 1, 1863 Union Retreat - The new field commander says, "I think this the strongest position by nature upon which to fight a battle that I ever saw." Chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac, inspects the ground and agrees with the new commander.
Who is the chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac?

  • Joshua L. Chamberlain
  • George A. Custer
  • Abner Doubleday
  • Gouverneur K. Warren
Check Your Answers

More Gettysburg Civil War Trivia

Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Union Retreat

  1. True
  2. False. The second is that both Barlow's line and the Seminary defense collapses at about the same time.
  3. False. The third is that Robinson's division in the center gave way and that spread both left and right.
  4. Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday
  5. True
  6. A.P. Hill
  7. 16th Maine
  8. Gen. Alexander Schimmelfennig
  9. Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock
  10. Gouverneur K. Warren
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