Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Afternoon
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg: First Day:
Alan's Civil War History Made Easy Quiz. "Check
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
OAK HILL, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 2:00 P.M. - Maj.
Gen. Robert E. Rodes initially sends three brigades south
against Union troops that represent the right flank of the I
Corps and the left flank of the XI Corps.
Who is NOT a Confederate
- George P. Doles
- Edward A. O'Neal
- Alfred Iverson.
- Thomas Paine
2) MUMMASBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 2:15 P.M.
- The Confederate commander fails to perform even a rudimentary
reconnaissance and send their men forward blindly while he stays
in the rear. Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter's brigade is concealed in
woods behind a stone wall and rise to fire withering volleys
from less than 100 yards away, creating over 800 casualties
among the 1,350 North Carolinians. Stories are told about groups
of dead bodies lying in almost parade-ground formations, heels
of their boots perfectly aligned. (The bodies are later buried
on the scene, and this area is today known as "Iverson's Pits".)
3) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 2:00 P.M.
- General Robert E. Lee arrive on the battlefield.
4) MUMMASBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:00 P.M.
- Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter's brigade is worn down and out of
ammunition. He withdraws his brigade, and Gen. John C. Robinson
replaces it with the brigade of Brig. Gen. Gabriel R. Paul. Maj.
Gen. Robert E. Rodes then commits his two reserve brigades:
Brig. Gens. Junius Daniel and Dodson Ramseur. Ramseur attacks
first, but Paul's brigade holds its crucial position. Paul has a
bullet go in one temple and out the other, blinding him
permanently (he survives the wound and lives 20 more years after
Before the end of the day, how many
other commanders of that brigade are wounded.
5) CHAMBERSBURG PIKE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:00
P.M. - Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel's North Carolina
brigade attempts to break the Union�s I Corps line to the
southwest along the Pike. They run into stiff resistance from
Col. Roy Stone's Pennsylvania brigade in the same area around
the railroad cut as the morning's battle. Fierce fighting
eventually grounds to a standstill.
What is the name
of Stone's brigade?
- "Hardcore Brigade"
- "Bucktail Brigade"
- "Cotton Brigade"
- "Hard Rock Brigade"
6) LUTHERAN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1,
1863 3:00 - Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew's North
Carolinians, the largest brigade in the army, drives back the
Union's Iron Brigade in some of the fiercest fighting of the
war. The Iron Brigade is pushed out of the woods, made three
temporary stands in the open ground to the east, but then has to
fall back toward the Lutheran Theological Seminary. Brig. Gen.
Solomon Meredith is downed with a head wound, made all the worse
when his horse falls on him. He dies three days later from the
7) McPHERSON RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:15 P.M.
- Casualties are severe this afternoon. The 26th North
Carolina (the largest regiment of the army with 839 men) loses
heavily, leaving the first day's fight with around 212 men.
Their commander, Colonel Henry K. Burgwyn, is fatally wounded by
a bullet through his chest. By the end of the three-day battle,
they have about 152 men standing, the highest casualty
percentage for one battle of any other regiment, North or South.
8) McPHERSON RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA,
July 1, 1863 3:30 P.M. - He is the highest ranking
casualty of this engagement, who is struck by a bullet in the
head. He is apparently saved because he has stuffed wads of
paper into a new hat, which is otherwise too large for his head.
But there are two consequences to this glancing blow. He is
unconscious for over 24 hours and has no further command
involvement in the three-day battle.
Who is the
highest ranking casualty of this engagement.
- Thomas Jackson
- Harry Reed
- George Patton, Sr.
- Henry Heth
9) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:30 P.M.
- Making things more difficult, a Union unit advances much
farther north than Schimmelfennig's division, occupying a
50-foot elevation above Rock Creek named Blocher's Knoll.
Ever since the battle, what is Blocher's Knoll known as?
- Butcher Hallow
- Kingdom Come
- Barlow's Knoll
- Baker's Ridge
10) HARRISBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863
- Richard Ewell's second division, sweeps down the , deploys in
a battle line three brigades wide, almost a mile across and
almost half a mile wider than the Union defensive line.
Who commanded the division?
- George Macon
- Tyler Jones
- Jubal Early
- Edward Robinson
11) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 -
The collapse of the XI Corps is complete after a fight of less
than an hour. They suffered 3,200 casualties (1,400 of them
prisoners), about half the number sent forward from Cemetery
What is the time?
- 2:00 p.m.
- 4:00 p.m.
- 6:00 p.m.
- 8:00 p.m.
12) SEMINARY RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 4:00
P.M. - The brigade of Brig. Gen. Alfred M. Scales
attacks first, on the northern flank. His five regiments of
1,400 North Carolinians are virtually annihilated in one of the
fiercest artillery barrages of the war, rivaling Pickett's
Charge to come, but on a more concentrated scale. Twenty guns
spaced only 5 yards apart fire spherical case, explosive shells,
canister, and double canister rounds into the approaching
brigade, which emerges from the fight with only 500 men standing
and a single lieutenant in command. Scales writes afterwards
that he finds "only a squad here and there marked the place
where regiments had rested."