Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: McLaws Assault
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Second Day: McLaws Assault?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
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arranged his division similar to Hood's on his right, two lines
of two brigades each: left front, facing the Peach Orchard, the
brigade of Brig. Gen. William Barksdale; right front, Brig. Gen.
Joseph B. Kershaw; left rear, Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford;
right rear, Brig. Gen. Paul Jones. Corps commander James
Longstreet ordered McLaws to send in Kershaw's brigade, with
Barksdale's to follow on the left, beginning the en echelon
attack (one brigade after another in sequence) that would be
used for the rest of the afternoon's attack. McLaws resented
Longstreet's hands-on management of his brigades.
2) The area
known as the Wheatfield has three geographic features, all owned
by the John Rose family.
NOT one of the Rose areas?
3) The first engagement in
the Wheatfield is actually that of Anderson's brigade (Hood's
division) attacking the 17th Maine of Trobriand's brigade, a
spillover from Hood's attack on Houck's Ridge.
first of Kershaw's regiments nears the Rose farmhouse, Stony
Hill had been reinforced by two brigades of the 1st Division, V
Corps, under Brig. Gen. James Barnes, those of Cols. William S.
Tilton and Jacob B. Sweitzer.
What time did
the fighting begin?
brigades, under Cols. Samuel K. Zook, Patrick Kelly (the Irish
Brigade), and Edward E. Cross move forward; the fourth brigade,
under Col. John R. Brooke, is in reserve. Zook and Kelly drive
the Confederates from Stony Hill, and Cross clear the
Wheatfield, pushing Kershaw's men back to the edge of Rose
Who is NOT mortally wounded in leading their brigades
through these assaults.
Samuel K. Zook
Edward E. Cross
Paul Jones Semmes
6) Additional Union troops had arrived
by this time. The 2nd Division of the V corps, under Brig. Gen. Romeyn B. Ayres, was known as the Regular Division because two
of its three brigades are composed of U.S. Army (regular army)
troops, not state volunteers.
7) In the Regular troops
advance across the Valley of Death they have come under heavy
fire from Confederate sharpshooters in Devil's Den. As they
advance, the Confederates swarm over Stony Hill and through Rose
Woods, flanking the newly arrived brigades. They retreat back to
the relative safety of Little Round Top in good order, despite
heavy casualties and pursuing Confederates.
Of the 2,613
Union regular soldiers engaged, what is the
number of casualties?
8) This final Confederate
assault through the Wheatfield continues past Houck's Ridge into
the Valley of Death.
What is the time?
9) The brigade of Col. William McCandless, including a company from the Gettysburg area,
spearheaded the attack and drove the exhausted Confederates back
beyond the Wheatfield to Stony Hill. Realizing that his troops
were too far advanced and exposed, Crawford pulled the brigade
back to the east edge of the Wheatfield.
commands the brigade?
Col. William McCandless
Col. George Bahler
Col. Todd McFarlen
Col. William Showalter
10) The bloody Wheatfield
remains quiet for the rest of the battle. But it takes a heavy
toll on the men who traded possession back-and-forth. The
Confederates suffer casualties of 1,394 and the Union 3,215.
Some of the wounded manage to crawl to water stream but they can
not cross it. The stream runs red with their blood.
What is the name of the stream?
11) While the right wing of Kershaw's brigade attacks into
the Wheatfield, its left wing wheels left to attack the
Pennsylvania troops in the brigade of Brig. Gen. Charles K.
Graham, the right flank of Birney's line, where 30 guns from the
III Corps and the Artillery Reserve attempt to hold the sector.
12) The two brigades on McLaws' left, charge directly into the Peach
Orchard, the point of the salient in Sickles' line.
Who leads the charge on horseback, long hair flowing
in the wind, sword waving in the air?
William T. Wofford
Paul Jones Semmes
Brig. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys's division had only about 1,000 men to cover the 500
yards from the Peach Orchard northward along the Emmitsburg Road
to the lane leading to the Abraham Trostle farm. Some were still
facing south, from where they had been firing on Kershaw's
brigade, so they were hit in their vulnerable flank. Barksdale's
1,600 Mississippians wheel left against the flank of Humphreys's
division, collapsing their line, regiment by regiment. A brigade
retreats back toward Cemetery Ridge.
has two horses shot under them, is hit by a shell fragment, a
bullet in his upper body, and eventually captured by the 21st
Charles K. Graham
14) As Barksdale's men
pushed toward Sickles's headquarters near the Trostle barn, the
general and his staff begin to move to the rear, when a
cannonball catch Sickles in the right leg. He is carried off in
a stretcher, sitting up and puffing on his cigar, attempts to
encourage his men. That evening his leg is amputated, and he
returns to Washington, D.C.
command of the III Corps, which is soon rendered ineffective as
a fighting force?
William W. Robinson
Samuel J. Williams
David B. Birney
15) The relentless infantry charges poses extreme danger to the
Union artillery batteries in the orchard and on the Wheatfield
Road, and they are forced to withdraw under pressure. The six
Napoleons of Capt. John Bigelow's 9th Massachusetts battery, on
the left of the line, "retired by prolonge," a technique rarely
used in which the cannon is dragged backwards as it fired
rapidly, the movement aided by the gun's recoil. By the time
they reach the Trostle house, they are told to hold the position
to cover the infantry retreat, but they are eventually overrun
by troops of the 21st Mississippi.
guns were captured?