Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: Hood's Assault
What do you know about Battle of
Gettysburg, Second Day: Hood's Assault?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
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for each right answer. Maximum this page: 32
Throughout the evening of July 1 and morning of July 2,
most of the remaining infantry of both armies arrive on the field,
including the Union II, III, V, VI, and XII Corps.
Confederate unit does NOT arrive until
late on July 2?
Pickett's Division, commanded by George Pickett
McLaw's Division commanded by Lafayette McLaws
Rodes Division commanded by Robert E. Rodes
Alexander's Battalion commanded by Edward Porter Alexander
2) The Union line runs from Culp's Hill
southeast of the town, northwest to Cemetery Hill just south of
town, then south for nearly two miles along Cemetery Ridge, ending
just north of Little Round Top.
What is the shape of
the Union line popularly called?
3) What is the distance between the Union and
About 1/2 to 1 mile
About 1 to 2 miles
About 2 to 4 miles
About 4 to 6 miles
4) Seeing higher ground more favorable to
artillery positions a half mile to the west, he advances his corps
[without orders] to the slightly higher ground along the Emmitsburg Road. The new line runs from Devil's Den, northwest to
the Sherfy farm's Peach Orchard, then northeast along the
Emmitsburg Road to south of the Codori farm.
is the Union general dissatisfied with the position assigned him
on the southern end of Cemetery Ridge?
Maj. Gen. Daniel Sickles's III Corps
Maj. Gen. John
Newton's I Corps
Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum's XII Corps
Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick VI Corps
5) Longstreet's attack is delayed,
however, because he first has to wait for his final brigade to
arrive, and then he is forced to march on a long, circuitous route
that can not be seen by Union Army Signal Corps observers on
Little Round Top. By the time his two divisions reach their
jumping off points, and then he and his generals are astonished to
find the III Corps planted directly in front of them on the Emmitsburg Road.
What is Longstreet's last brigade to arrive at the
Evander M. Law's, Hood's division
Jerome B. Robertson's, Hood's division
George T. Anderson's, Hood's division
Henry L. Benning's, Hood's division
6) Longstreet's attack commences with a
30-minute artillery barrage by 36 guns that is particularly
punishing to the Union infantry in the Peach Orchard and the
troops and batteries on Houck's Ridge.
7) He stands in his stirrups at
the front of the Texas Brigade and shouts, "Fix bayonets, my brave
Texans! Forward and take those heights!" It is unclear to which
heights he was referring. He is felled by an artillery shell
bursting overhead, severely wounding his left arm and putting him
out of action.
Who is the Confederate
John Bell Hood
8) Devils Den, Gettysburg,
July 2, 1863 - Devil's Den is a rocky expanse of shrubs
and scrub trees, the southernmost part of Houck's Ridge, directly
west of Little Round Top across the Plum Run Valley.
Soldiers call it the "Valley of the Dolls".
9) Devil's Den is the extreme left of the III
Corps line, manned by the large brigade (six regiments and two
companies of sharpshooters) of Brigadier General J. H. Hobart
Ward, in Maj. Gen. David B. Birney's division.
is their total strength?
200 men in all
1,200 men in all
2,200 men in all
3,200 men in all
3rd Arkansas and the 1st Texas hit Ward's brigade line head-on.
What is the name of the wood's they drive
the first 30 minutes, a regiment loses more than half of its men.
Its colonel, John Wheeler, is killed and its lieutenant colonel
What is the regiment?
regiments from Law's brigade that has split from the column
advancing to the Round Tops pushed up Plum Run Valley and threaten
to turn Ward's flank. Their target is the 4th Maine and the 124th
New York, defending the 4th New York Independent artillery
battery, whose fire is causing considerable disruption in Law's
Who commands the 4th New
York Independent artillery battery?
Captain Roger Smith
Captain James Smith
Captain Richard Clark
Captain Melvin Reynolds
commander of the 124th New York, Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis,
and his major, James Cromwell, decide to counterattack. They mount
their horses despite the protests of soldiers who urge them to
lead more safely on foot. Maj. Cromwell says, "The men must see us
today." They lead the charge of their "Orange Blossoms" regiment
to the west, down the slope of Houck's Ridge through a triangular
field surrounded by a low stone fence, sending the 1st Texas
reeling back 200 yards. But both Colonel Ellis and Major Cromwell
are shot dead as the Texans rallied with a massed volley; and the
New Yorkers retreat to their starting point, with only 100
survivors from the 283 they started with. As reinforcements from
the 99th Pennsylvania arrive. Ward's brigade retakes the crest.
14) Who writes that the Confederates "converged
on me like an avalanche, but we piled all the dead and wounded men
in our front."?
Regis de Trobriand
George "Tige" Anderson
William T. Collins
15) The assaults by Hood's brigades are
classic, tough infantry fights. Of 2,423 Union troops engaged,
there are 821 casualties (138 killed, 548 wounded, 135 missing);
the 5,525 Confederates lose 1,814 (329 killed, 1,107 wounded,