Battle of Gettysburg:
Campaign Begins (June 3, 1863)
What do you know about Battle of
Gettysburg: The Campaign Begins?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.
Lee's army slipped away from Federal contact. Shortly after
the Army of Northern Virginia won a decisive victory over the
Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30
- May 6, 1863), Lee decided upon a second invasion of the North.
He believed the move would upset Union plans for the
summer campaigning season, give Lee the ability to maneuver his army away
from its defensive positions behind the Rappahannock River, and allow the
Confederates to live off the bounty of the rich northern farms while
giving war-ravaged Virginia a much needed rest. Lee's army could
also threaten Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, and encourage the
growing peace movement in the North.
did he keep in Fredericksburg to protect his advance?
2) Union Army of the Potomac, under
consisted of seven infantry corps, a cavalry corps, and an
Artillery Reserve, for a combined strength of about 90,000 men.
Who commanded the Union Army of the
John C. Robinson
James S. Wadsworth
3) How large was Lee's
initial invasion army?
4) Lee's First Corps and Second Corps camped around
the small Virginia town of Culpepper.
5) Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, befitting
his reputation as a "dashing cavalier" or beau sabreur,
requested a full field review of his troops by Gen. Lee. This
grand review on June 5 included nearly 9,000 mounted troopers
and 4 batteries of horse artillery, charging in simulated battle
at Inlet Station, about two miles southwest of Brandy Station.
Who was NOT a brigade
commander under Stuart?
William E. "Grumble" Jones
6) General Lee was not able to attend the
review on June 5, however, so it was repeated in his presence on
June 8, although the repeated performance was limited to a
simple parade without battle simulations. Despite the lower
level of activity, some of the cavalrymen and the newspaper
reporters at the scene complained that all Stuart was doing was
feeding his ego and exhausting the horses.
7) Unknown to the Confederates,
11,000 Union men had massed on the other side of the
Rappahannock River. The commanding the Cavalry Corps of the Army
of the Potomac, had organized his combined-armed forces into two
"wings," under Brig. Generals John Buford and David McMurtrie
Gregg, augmented by infantry brigades from the V Corps.
Who was the Union's Cavalry Corps commander?
Henry W. Slocum
Alpheus S. Williams
John W. Geary
8) After Brandy Station, Lee's infantry forces
began crossing the Blue Ridge Mountains and headed north,
through the Shenandoah Valley.
commanded Lee's lead force?
Richard S. Ewell
John Bell Hood
George E. Pickett
9) The Second Battle of Winchester
was fought in Frederick County and Winchester, Virginia as part
of the Gettysburg Campaign during the American Civil War. As
Confederate Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell moved down the
Shenandoah Valley in the direction of Pennsylvania, his corps
defeated the Union Army garrison by capturing Winchester and
numerous Union prisoners.
commanded the Union garrison at Winchester?
Robert J. Baker
Robert J. Maxwell
Robert H. Milroy
Robert H. Williams
10) The Union Army of the Potomac left Fredericks,
Virginia heading north.
When did they
reach Manassas Junction, Virginia?
June 14, 1863
June 15, 1863
June 16, 1863
June 17, 1863
11) Ewell began crossing the Potomac River near ,
late on June 15, along with Jenkins's cavalry brigade. Hill's
and Longstreet's corps followed on June 24 and June 25.
What Lee's Corps was the first to cross the Potomac and
invade the north?
12) The Union commander
dispatched Pleasonton's cavalry again to punch through the
Confederate cavalry screen to find the main Confederate army,
which led to three minor cavalry battles from June 17 through
June 21 in the Loudoun Valley.
NOT one of the
Battle of Aldie
Battle of Middleburg
Battle of Upperville
Battle of Vienna
13) Stuart and his three
brigades begin their Stuart ride around the Union Army.
NOT a battle during the ride?
Battle of Carlisle
Battle of Hanover
Battle of Hogestown
Battle of Hunterstown
14) who assumes command of the Army of the Potomac
on June 28, 1863?
Ulysses S. Grant
George Gordon Meade
15) The Skirmish of Sporting
Hill was a relatively small skirmish during the Gettysburg
Campaign of the American Civil War, taking place on June 30,
1863, at various locations in present day Camp Hill, East Pennsboro Township and Hampden Township in Cumberland County,
Pennsylvania. It is known as the northernmost engagement of
Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
the Union commander?
Darius N. Couch
Albert G. Jenkins
16) While part of Hill's Corps was in Cashtown, one
of Hill's brigades, North Carolinians under Brig. Gen. J.
Johnston Pettigrew, ventured toward Gettysburg. The memoirs of
Maj. Gen. Henry Heth, Pettigrew's division commander, claimed
that he sent Pettigrew to search for supplies in town -