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The Battle of Fort Sumter
(April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861)

What do you know about the The Battle of Fort Sumter  (April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861)?
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Take 2 points for each right answer.  Maximum this page: 24 points!

1) Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard took command of South Carolina forces in Charleston. Davis had appointed him the first general officer in the armed forces of the new Confederacy, specifically to take command of the siege. Fort Sumter
Who was one of Beauregard's instructors at West Point.

  1. Robert Anderson, Union Commander at Fort Sumter

  2. Jefferson Davis, Confederate President

  3. William H. Seward, Union Secretary of State

  4. Thomas Jackson, Professor at Virginia Military Academy

2) Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as President. In his inaugural address, he argued that the purpose of the United States Constitution was "to form a more perfect union". Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America, saw the Union almost like a club, from which states could withdraw at any time.

  • True or False?

3) President Lincoln, discovering that supplies in the fort were shorter than he had previously known, and believing a relief expedition to be feasible, ordered merchant vessels escorted by the United States Navy to Charleston.
Who was Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy?

  1. Charles Joseph Bonaparte

  2. Nathan Goff, Jr.

  3. Hilary Abner Herbert

  4. Gideon Welles

4) President Lincoln notified the South Carolina Governor that "an attempt will be made to supply Fort Sumter with provisions only, and that if such attempt be not resisted, no effort to throw in men, arms, or ammunition will be made without further notice, [except] in case of an attack on the fort."  
Who was the South Carolina Governor ?

  1. Melvin Arthur

  2. Arthur J. Honeycutt

  3. Francis W. Pickens

  4. Robert J. Wilke

5) In response, the Confederate cabinet, meeting in Montgomery, decided to open fire on Fort Sumter in an attempt to force its surrender before the relief fleet arrived. Only Secretary of State Robert Toombs opposed this decision: he reportedly told Jefferson Davis the attack "will lose us every friend at the North. You will only strike a hornet's nest. ... Legions now quiet will swarm out and sting us to death. It is unnecessary. It puts us in the wrong. It is fatal." The Confederate Secretary of War telegraphed Beauregard that if he were certain that the fort was to be supplied by force, "You will at once demand its evacuation, and if this is refused proceed, in such a manner as you may determine, to reduce it."
Who was the Confederate Secretary of War?

  1. Stephen J. Bodie

  2. George Davis

  3. Leroy Pope Walker

  4. Thomas H. Watts

6) Beauregard dispatched aides to Fort Sumter and issued their ultimatum. Anderson refused, though he reportedly commented, "Men, if you do not batter the fort to pieces about us, we shall be starved out in a few days." Discussions after midnight proved futile. Earlier said of Anderson, that Anderson was a "most gallant officer", and sent several cases of fine brandy and whiskey and boxes of cigars to Anderson and his officers at Sumter. Anderson ordered that his men enjoy the gifts.

  • True or False?

7) The Confederates informed Anderson that they would open fire in one hour. Major Anderson, a pro-slavery, former slave-owner from Kentucky, remained loyal to the Union.

  • True or False?

8) A single mortar round fired from Fort Johnson exploded over Fort Sumter, marking the start of the bombardment from 43 guns and mortars at Fort Moultrie, Fort Johnson, the Floating Battery of Charleston Harbor and Cummings Point.  
Who was the notable secessionist, who had traveled to Charleston in order to be present for the beginning of the war, and was present to fire the first shot at Sumter after the signal round.

  1. Randall Boone

  2. Maxwell McGee

  3. Clive Owens

  4. Edmund Ruffin

9) Union Major Anderson withheld his fire, when he ordered his captain to fire a shot at the Ironclad Battery at Cummings Point. 
Who was the Captain?

  1. Abner Doubleday

  2. Earl Hammier

  3. Peter Morgan

  4. George Wilson

10) The fort's central flagpole also fell. During the period the flag was down, before the garrison could improvise a replacement, several Confederate envoys arrived to inquire whether the flag had been lowered in surrender. Anderson agreed to a truce.  
What year did Anderson graduate from the United States Military Academy (West Point)?

  1. 1820

  2. 1825

  3. 1830

  4. 1835

11) Terms for the garrison's withdrawal were settled by that evening and the Union garrison surrendered the fort to Confederate personnel. No one from either side was killed during the bombardment. During the 100-gun salute to the U.S. flag, Anderson's one condition for withdrawal, a pile of cartridges blew up from a spark, killing one soldier instantly and seriously injuring the rest of the gun crew, one mortally (Private Edward Galloway); these were the first fatalities of the war.  
Who was the soldier that was the first soldier killed in the Civil War?

  1. Private Daniel Hough

  2. Private Herman Manning

  3. Corporal Tyron Masterson

  4. Sergeant Robert Wire

12) Union troops were placed aboard a Confederate steamer where they spent the night and were transported the next morning to the Union steamer Baltic, resting outside the harbor bar. The soldiers along with the women and children were safely transported back to Union territory by the U.S. Navy squadron whose anticipated arrival as a relief fleet had prompted the barrage.  Anderson carried the Fort Sumter Flag with him North, where it became a widely known symbol of the battle, and rallying point for supporters of the Union.

  • True or False?


The Battle of Fort Sumter
(April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861)
[Answers]

1) A. 2) True 3) D. 4) C. 5) C. 6) False. Anderson ordered that the gifts be  . 7) True 8) D. 9) A. 10) B. 11) A. 12) True

Score for this page: _______

More Do You Know about the American Civil War
 
 


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