The Battle of Fort Sumter
(April 12, 1861 - April
What do you know about the The
Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861)?
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Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard took command of South Carolina forces in
Charleston. Davis had appointed him the first general officer in the armed
forces of the new Confederacy, specifically to take command of the siege.
Who was one of Beauregard's instructors at West Point.
Robert Anderson, Union Commander at Fort
Jefferson Davis, Confederate President
William H. Seward, Union Secretary of State
Thomas Jackson, Professor at Virginia
2) Abraham Lincoln was sworn in
as President. In his inaugural address, he argued that the purpose
of the United States Constitution was "to form a more perfect
union". Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States
of America, saw the Union almost like a club, from which states
could withdraw at any time.
3) President Lincoln,
discovering that supplies in the fort were shorter than he had
previously known, and believing a relief expedition to be
feasible, ordered merchant vessels escorted by the United States
Navy to Charleston.
Who was Lincoln's Secretary of the
Charles Joseph Bonaparte
Nathan Goff, Jr.
Hilary Abner Herbert
4) President Lincoln notified
the South Carolina Governor that "an attempt will be made to
supply Fort Sumter with provisions only, and that if such attempt
be not resisted, no effort to throw in men, arms, or ammunition
will be made without further notice, [except] in case of an attack
on the fort."
Who was the South Carolina Governor ?
Arthur J. Honeycutt
Francis W. Pickens
Robert J. Wilke
In response, the Confederate cabinet, meeting in Montgomery,
decided to open fire on Fort Sumter in an attempt to force its
surrender before the relief fleet arrived. Only Secretary of State
Robert Toombs opposed this decision: he reportedly told Jefferson
Davis the attack "will lose us every friend at the North. You will
only strike a hornet's nest. ... Legions now quiet will swarm out
and sting us to death. It is unnecessary. It puts us in the wrong.
It is fatal." The Confederate Secretary of War telegraphed
Beauregard that if he were certain that the fort was to be
supplied by force, "You will at once demand its evacuation, and if
this is refused proceed, in such a manner as you may determine, to
Who was the Confederate Secretary of War?
Stephen J. Bodie
Leroy Pope Walker
Thomas H. Watts
6) Beauregard dispatched aides
to Fort Sumter and issued their ultimatum. Anderson refused,
though he reportedly commented, "Men, if you do not batter the
fort to pieces about us, we shall be starved out in a few days."
Discussions after midnight proved futile. Earlier said of
Anderson, that Anderson was a "most gallant officer", and sent
several cases of fine brandy and whiskey and boxes of cigars to
Anderson and his officers at Sumter. Anderson ordered that his men
enjoy the gifts.
7) The Confederates informed
Anderson that they would open fire in one hour. Major Anderson, a
pro-slavery, former slave-owner from Kentucky, remained loyal to
8) A single mortar round fired
from Fort Johnson exploded over Fort Sumter, marking the start of
the bombardment from 43 guns and mortars at Fort Moultrie, Fort
Johnson, the Floating Battery of Charleston Harbor and Cummings
Who was the notable secessionist, who had
traveled to Charleston in order to be present for the beginning of
the war, and was present to fire the first shot at Sumter after
the signal round.
9) Union Major Anderson
withheld his fire, when he ordered his captain to fire a shot at
the Ironclad Battery at Cummings Point.
10) The fort's central flagpole
also fell. During the period the flag was down, before the
garrison could improvise a replacement, several Confederate envoys
arrived to inquire whether the flag had been lowered in surrender.
Anderson agreed to a truce.
What year did Anderson
graduate from the United States Military Academy (West Point)?
11) Terms for the garrison's
withdrawal were settled by that evening and the Union garrison
surrendered the fort to Confederate personnel. No one from either
side was killed during the bombardment. During the 100-gun salute
to the U.S. flag, Anderson's one condition for withdrawal, a pile
of cartridges blew up from a spark, killing one soldier instantly
and seriously injuring the rest of the gun crew, one mortally
(Private Edward Galloway); these were the first fatalities of the
Who was the soldier that was the first soldier killed
in the Civil War?
Private Daniel Hough
Private Herman Manning
Corporal Tyron Masterson
Sergeant Robert Wire
12) Union troops were placed
aboard a Confederate steamer where they spent the night and were
transported the next morning to the Union steamer Baltic, resting
outside the harbor bar. The soldiers along with the women and
children were safely transported back to Union territory by the
U.S. Navy squadron whose anticipated arrival as a relief fleet had
prompted the barrage. Anderson carried the Fort Sumter Flag
with him North, where it became a widely known symbol of the
battle, and rallying point for supporters of the Union.