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Antietam: The Battle of South Mountain

The Battle of South Mountain (known in several early Southern accounts as the Battle of Boonsboro Gap) was fought September 14, 1862, as part of the Maryland (or Antietam) Campaign of the Civil War.

What do you know about The Battle of South Mountain? Try this Civil War History Made Easy Quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof. Walter1) South Mountain is the name given to the continuation of the Peters Mountains after they enter Maryland. It is a natural obstacle that separates the Hagerstown Valley and Cumberland Valley from the eastern part of Maryland.

True or False?

2) After Robert E. Lee invades Maryland, a copy of an order detailing troop movements that he writes, falls into the hands of George B. McClellan. From this, McClellan learns that Lee has split his forces and the Union general hopes to attack and defeat some of these isolated forces before they can concentrate against him. What is the order known as?

  • Lee's invasion order
  • Order 191
  • Order attack
  • Order 100

3) Lee never learns of McClellan's intelligence coup and doesn't send forces to reinforce the passes to block his advance.

True or False?

4) At the southernmost point of the battle, near Burkittsville, Confederate cavalry and a small portion of Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws's division defends Brownsville Pass and Crampton's Gap. McLaws is unaware of the approach of 12,000 Federals and has only 500 men under Col. William A. Parham thinly deploys behind a three quarter-mile-long stone wall at the eastern base of Crampton's Gap. Who commands the Union forces?

  • Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin
  • Maj. Gen. William Patton
  • Maj. Gen. William Wadsworth
  • Maj. Gen. William Holden

5) Who commands the Union Right Wing against Turner's Gap and Fox's Gap?

  • Maj. Gen. Ambrose Gordon
  • Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside
  • Maj. Gen. Anthony Baker
  • Maj. Gen. Ambrose Morgan

6) Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker attacks Turner's Gap. The Union Iron Brigade attacks Colonel Alfred H. Colquitt's brigade along the National Road, driving it back up the mountain, but it refuses to yield the pass. Hooker positions three divisions opposite two peaks located one mile north of the gap.

True or False?

7) Just to the south, other elements of Hill's division (most notably Drayton's Brigade) defends Fox's Gap against Reno's IX Corps. A 9 a.m. attack by Union Brig. Gen. Jacob D. Cox's Kanawha Division secures much of the land south of the gap. In the movement, a Lt. Colonel of the 23rd Ohio leads a flank attack and is seriously wounded. Who is the future U.S. President that is wounded.

  • Warren G. Harding
  • Rutherford B. Hayes
  • William McKinley
  • Woodrow Wilson

8) Union soldiers dump 60 Confederate bodies down Farmer Daniel Wise's well, paying him $60 in compensation, according to James M. McPherson, in his Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam, The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War on page 112.

  • True or False?

9) Union casualties of 28,000 engaged are 2,325 (443 killed, 1,807 wounded, and 75 missing); Confederates loses 2,685 (325 killed, 1560 wounded, and 800 missing) of 18,000. The Battle of South Mountain is an important morale booster for the defeat-stricken Army of the Potomac. McClellan's limited activity on September 15 after his victory at South Mountain condemned the garrison at Harpers Ferry to capture and gave Lee time to unite his scattered divisions at Sharpsburg for the Battle of Antietam on September 17.

  • True or False?

10) The battlefields are preserved. What is NOT a battlefield preservation?

  • South Mountain State Park
  • Gathland State Park
  • Appalachian National Scenic Trail
  • Cathedral State Park

Check Your Answers


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