The March into Maryland
Robert E. Lee divided his army as it moved into Maryland. After receiving
intelligence of militia activity in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, Lee sent
Maj. Gen. James Longstreet to Boonsboro and then to Hagerstown.
(The intelligence overstated the threat since only 20 militiamen were
in Chambersburg at the time.) Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall"
Jackson was ordered to seize the Union arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
This left only the thinly spread cavalry of Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and
the division of Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill to guard the army's rear at South
March into Maryland with this quick quiz.
True or False?
1. The specific reason Lee chose this risky strategy of splitting his
army to capture Harpers Ferry is well known.
2. Before he entered Maryland Lee had assumed that the Federal
garrisons at Winchester, Martinsburg, and Harpers Ferry would be cut off
and abandoned without firing a shot
3. McClellan requested permission from Washington to evacuate Harpers
Ferry and attach its garrison to his army, but his request was refused.
4. Lee's invasion was fraught with difficulties from the beginning.
5. After crossing into Maryland, Lee lost almost fifty percent of his
6. Lee's was treated as conquering heroes as they marched into
7. Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin called for 50,000 militia to
turn out, and he nominated Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds, a native
Pennsylvanian, to command them.
8. Lee regarded Baltimore as a hotbed of secession.
9. Residents of Baltimore were excited about the invasion, they
prepared vast food supplies to feed Lee's army.