Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 11 to February 16, 1862,
in the Western Theater of the US Civil War. The capture of the fort by
Union forces opened the Cumberland River as an avenue of invasion of the
South and elevated Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant from an obscure and largely
unproven leader to the rank of major general, earning him the nickname
"Unconditional Surrender" Grant in the process.
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1) The battle followed the capture of Fort Henry on
February 6. Grant moved his army overland to Fort Donelson on February 12
through February 13 and conducted several small probing attacks.
miles did Grant travel from Fort Henry?
2) On February 14, U.S. Navy gunboats attempted to
reduce the fort with naval gunfire, but were forced to withdraw after
sustaining heavy damage from Donelson's water batteries.
Who commanded the
Andrew H. Foote
3) Ulysses S. Grant commanded the Union forces with
three divisions. His commanders were Brig. Gens. John A. McClernand, C.F.
Smith, and Lew Wallace.
What was the command's name?
District of Cairo
District of Columbia
District of Chicago
4) Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd commanded the
Who commanded the cavalry?
Nathan Bedford Forrest
John S. Mosby
5) It was considerably more formidable than the
hapless Fort Henry. It rose about 100 feet on dry ground above the river,
which allowed for plunging fire against attacking gunboats, an advantage
Fort Henry did not enjoy.
What was the river?
6) Grant arrived on February 12 and established his
headquarters near the left side of the front of the line, at the Widow
7) At 1:00 a.m. on February 14, Floyd held a council
of war in his headquarters, the Dover Hotel, and there was general
agreement that Fort Donelson was probably untenable.
Who was designated to
lead a breakout attempt?
Gideon J. Pillow
Simon B. Buckner
8) Union troops charged and succeeded in retaking
all the ground lost that morning.
Who was on horseback immediately behind
his lead regiment and a bullet shot off the cigar close to his mouth, but
he coolly replaced it with a fresh one?
Morgan L. Smith
9) Nearly 1,000 soldiers on both sides had been
killed, with about 3,000 wounded still on the field; some froze to death
in the snowstorm, many Union soldiers having thrown away their blankets
10) Confederate commanders John B. Floyd and Gideon
J. Pillow escaped.
Who did they leave in charge to surrender to Grant?
Simon B. Buckner
George J. Carlson