All executive power in the federal government is vested in the
President of the United States, although power is often delegated to the
Cabinet members and other officials. The President and Vice President
are elected as 'running mates' for a maximum of two four-year terms by
the Electoral College, for which each state, as well as the District of
Columbia, is allocated a number of seats based on its representation (or
ostensible representation, in the case of D.C.) in both houses of
What do you know about the Executive Branch? Try this quick quiz.
The Executive branch consists of the President and delegates. The
President is both the head of state and government, as well as the
military commander-in-chief (only when called into actual military
services), chief diplomat and chief of party. True or False?
2. The President, according to the Constitution, must "take care
that the laws be faithfully executed." What gives him the
3. The President presides over the judicial branch of the federal
government, a vast organization numbering about 4 million people,
including 1 million active-duty military personnel. True or False?
4. The President may sign legislation passed by Congress into law, or
may veto it, preventing it from becoming law unless both houses of
Congress vote to override the veto. What does it take to override a
5. The President may, with the consent of two-thirds of the Senate,
make treaties with foreign nations. True or False?
6. The President may be impeached by a majority in the House and
removed from office by a two-thirds majority in the Senate. What is the
reason a President can be impeached?
7. The President may not dissolve Congress or call special elections,
but does have the power to pardon, or release, criminals convicted of
offenses against the federal government (except in cases of
impeachment), enact executive orders, and (with the consent of the
Senate) appoint Supreme Court justices and federal judges. True or
8. The Vice President is the second-highest executive official of the
government. As first in the United States presidential line of
succession, the Vice President becomes President upon the death,
resignation, or removal of the President, which has happened nine times
in U.S. history. Since Walter Mondale, the Vice President has been seen
as an unofficial adviser to the President. What is the constitutional
duty of the Vice President?
9. The relationship between the President and the Congress reflects
the time of the framing of the United States Constitution. Where did the
relationship role between the President and Congress come from?
10. The day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws is
in the hands of the various federal executive departments, created to
deal with specific areas of national and international affairs. Who
created the federal executive departments?