Carl "Tooey" Spaatz
Born: June 28, 1891, Boyertown, Pennsylvania
Died: July 14, 1974 (age 83), Washington, D.C.
Andrew "Tooey" Spaatz was an American general in World
War II, and the first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.
What do you know about Carl Andrew Spaatz? Take off with this World
War II Quick Quiz.
1. He attended West Point, where he received his nickname because of
his resemblance to another red headed cadet named F.J. Toohey, and
graduated in 1914.
2. He served briefly in the infantry. When was he assigned to the
Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps?
- October 1914
- October 1915
- October 1916
3. Spaatz served in the First Aero Squadron which was attached to
during his expedition to Mexico in 1916. Who commanded the expedition?
- General Theodore Roosevelt
- General Maxwell Smart
- General John J. Pershing
4. Following America's entry into World War I, Spaatz was sent with
the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in command of the 31st Aero
Squadron. He spent most of the war commanding the American Aviation
School at Issoudun, France but he saw three weeks of action during the
final months of the war. In this brief period, Spaatz shot down three
enemy planes and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC);
during the time he was with the 13th Aero Squadron.
5. In September 1942, what permanent rank was he promoted to?
- Major General
6. In May 1942 Spaatz became commander of the Eighth Air Force and
transferred its headquarters to England in July. Spaatz was placed in
overall command of the USAAF in the European Theater of Operations,
while retaining his Eighth Air Force command, until subsequently
assigned command of the Twelfth Air Force in North Africa in December
7. As the commander of Strategic Air Forces in Europe, Spaatz was
under the command of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and the supervision of Gen.
Hap Arnold, the USAAF Chief of Staff. When assigned to the Pacific who
was his commander?
- Gen. Douglas MacArthur
- Gen. Dwight Eisenhower
- Gen. Hap Arnold
8. But after the war, Eisenhower said that Spaatz was one of the two
American general officers who had contributed the most to the victory in
Europe. Who was the other general
- Gen. Mark Clark
- Gen. George Patton
- Gen Omar Bradley
9. After the creation of the independent Air Force by the National
Security Act of 1947 and Truman's Executive Order No. 9877, Spaatz was
appointed as the first Chief of Staff of the new United States Air
Force. What was the date?
- February 1947
- September 1947
- December 1947
10. Where is "Tooey" Spaatz buried?
- United States Air Force Academy Cemetery, Colorado Springs,
- Holy Sepulcher Cemetery, Orange, California
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia