Francis Harrison Pierpont
Born: January 25, 1814, Morgantown, Virginia (now West
Died: March 24, 1899 (aged 85), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Harrison Pierpont called the "Father of West Virginia",
was an American lawyer, politician, and governor of the union controlled
parts of Virginia during the Civil War. After the war, he was the
Governor of all of Virginia.
In recognition of his significance to their state history, in 1910
the state of West Virginia donated a marble statue of Pierpont as their
second contribution to the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall
What do you know about Francis Harrison Pierpont? Try this Folk
1. He graduated from Allegheny College, and taught school in Virginia
and Mississippi while also studying law. He was admitted to the bar in
1841, and became the local attorney for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
2. Prior to entering politics, he also helped found Fairmont Male and
Female Seminary. What is it known as today?
- Fairmont State University
- Salem University
- West Virginia University.
3. An active supporter of Abraham Lincoln, Pierpont became more
involved in politics as an outspoken opponent of Virginia's secession
from the Union. When Virginia seceded and entered the war, delegates
from the northern and northwestern counties of Virginia, which refused
to join the Confederacy, met at a convention. Where was the convention
4. Who was elected provisional governor?
- Morgan Morgan
- Randolph Jennings
- Francis Harrison Pierpont
5. In 1862, he attended the Loyal War Governors' Conference in
Altoona, Pennsylvania, organized by Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Gregg
Curtin. The meeting ending up supporting what proclamation?
- Emancipation Proclamation
- Gettysburg Proclamation
- Reunion Proclamation
6. Pierpont became governor of the occupied sections of Virginia.
7. As the South became increasingly resistant to Reconstruction after
the war, the United States Congress passed the Military Reconstruction
Act of 1867. Through this Act, Virginia became the "First Military
District" in 1868, and Pierpont was replaced by provisional
governor Henry H. Wells. Who made the change?
- John Schofield
- Ulysses S. Grant
- Philip Sheridan
8. Pierpont subsequently served one term in the West Virginia
legislature in 1870, but lost his seat when the Democrats took control
of the state.
9. His last public office was as collector of Internal Revenue. Who
appointed him to this position?
- President James Garfield
- President Ulysses S. Grant
- President Chester A. Arthur
10. Where is Francis Harrison Pierpont buried?
- Woodlawn Cemetery, Fairmont, West Virginia
- Odd Fellows Cemetery, Clarksburg, West Virginia
- Seventh-Day Baptist Cemetery, Salem, West Virginia