William McKinley, Jr.
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In office: March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901
January 29, 1843, Niles, Ohio
McKinley, Jr. was the 25th President of the United States,
and the last veteran of the American Civil War to be elected.
By the 1880s, this Ohio native was a nationally known Republican
leader; his signature issue was high tariffs on imports as a formula for
prosperity, as typified by his McKinley Tariff of 1890. As the
Republican candidate in the 1896 presidential election, he upheld the
gold standard, and promoted pluralism among ethnic groups.
His campaign, designed by Mark Hanna, introduced new
advertising-style campaign techniques that revolutionized campaign
practices and beat back the crusading of his arch-rival, William
Jennings Bryan. The 1896 election is often considered a realigning
election that marked the beginning of the Progressive Era.
Death: September 14, 1901 (aged 58), Buffalo,
President and Mrs. McKinley attended the Pan-American Exposition
in Buffalo, New York. Leon Frank Czolgosz waited in line with a pistol
in his right hand concealed by a handkerchief. At 4:07 P.M. September 6,
1901, Czolgosz fired twice at the president.
The first bullet grazed the
president's shoulder. The second, however, went through McKinley's
stomach, colon, and kidney, and finally lodged in the muscles of his
back. Eight days after he was shot,
he died from gangrene surrounding his wounds.
Where is James McKinley buried?
- McKinley Monument, Lawnfield Estate Gardens, Cleveland, Ohio
- McKinley Monument, West Lawn Cemetery, Canton, Ohio
- McKinley Monument. Forest Lawn Gardens, Akron, Ohio