January 26, 1880, Little Rock, Arkansas
Died: April 5, 1964, (age 84) Washington, D.C.
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, was an American general
and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
He was a Chief of Staff of the
United States Army during the 1930s and later played a prominent role in
the Pacific theater of World War II, one of the war's most decorated
soldiers, receiving the Medal of Honor for his early service in the
Philippines and on the Bataan Peninsula.
He was designated to command the proposed invasion of Japan in
November 1945. When that was no longer necessary, he officially accepted
the nation's surrender on September 2, 1945.
What do you know about Douglas MacArthur? Try this quick quiz.
1. MacArthur entered the United States Military Academy at West Point
in 1898. An outstanding cadet, he graduated first in his 93-man class in
1903. For his prowess in sports, military training, and academics he was
awarded the coveted title of "First Captain Of The Corps Of
Cadets." Upon graduation MacArthur was commissioned as a second
lieutenant. What unit did he begin with in the Army?
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
- U.S. Army Infantry
- U.S. Army Cavalry
2. After leaving West Point, where did MacArthur serve his first tour
3. MacArthur distinguished himself by several acts of personal
bravery in the Vera Cruz Expedition of 1914, including a railroad chase
back to American lines. For these he was recommended for a medal, it was
denied on the grounds that his actions had exceeded the scope of his
orders. What was the award?
- Medal of Honor
- Distinguished Service Cross
- Silver Star
4. Douglas MacArthur made it his policy to "lead... men from the
front." Because of this policy, and the fact that he usually
refused to wear a gas mask while the rest of his men would, he had
respiratory problems the rest of his life. Still, he was the most
decorated American officer of the war, and General Charles T. Menoher
once said that he was the "greatest fighting man" in the army.
5. In 1919 what did MacArthur became the superintendent of?
- U.S. Military Academy at West Point
- U.S. Army War College
- New Mexico Military School, Roswell, New Mexico
6. In 1925, he was promoted to major general, the youngest officer of
that rank at the time, and served on the court martial that convicted
Brigadier General Billy Mitchell. Who played a role in the Otto
- Douglas MacArthur
- Henry Fonda
- James Stewart
7. One of MacArthur's most controversial acts came in 1932, when
President Hoover ordered him to disperse the "Bonus Army" of
veterans who had converged on the capital in protest of government
policy. Who was the president?
- Herbert Hoover
- Franklin Roosevelt
- Warren G. Harding
8. For his leadership in the defense of the Philippines, MacArthur
was awarded the Medal of Honor (April 1, 1942) - a decoration for which
he had twice previously been nominated. What family member had won a
Medal of Honor?
- Arthur, father
- Michael, cousin
- Arthur, Sr. grandfather
9. MacArthur spent the last years of his life finishing his memoirs;
he died on April 5, 1964, before their publication in book form - they
had begun to appear in serialized form in Life Magazine in the months
just prior to his death. What was the cause of death?
- Cardiac arrest
- Liver failure
- Biliary cirrhosis
10. Where is Douglas MacArthur buried?
- MacArthur Memorial, Norfolk, Virginia
- Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia