In office: March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801
April 13 1743, Shadwell, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1826 (aged 83), Charlottesville, Virginia
Jefferson was the third President of the United States (1801–1809),
the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one
of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals
of republicanism in the United States. Major events during his
presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the Lewis and Clark
Expedition (1804 - 1806).
What do you know about Thomas Jefferson? Declare you independence
with this short quiz.
1. In 1760 Jefferson entered college at the age of 16; he studied
there for two years, graduating with highest honors in 1762. What
college did he graduate from?
- University of Virginia
- College of William and Mary
2. He studied law with George Wythe and was admitted to the Virginia
bar in 1767.
3. In 1772, Jefferson married a 23-year-old widow named Martha Wayles
Skelton. They had six children: Martha Jefferson Randolph (1772–1836),
Jane Randolph (1774–1775), a stillborn or unnamed son (1777), Mary
Wayles (1778–1804), Lucy Elizabeth (1780–1781), and Elizabeth (1782–1785).
When did Martha die?
- September 6, 1782
- September 6, 1792
- September 6, 1802
4. Jefferson served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress
beginning in June 1775, soon after the outbreak of the American
Revolutionary War. When Congress began considering a resolution of
independence in June 1776, Jefferson was appointed to a five-man
committee to prepare a declaration to accompany the resolution. The
committee selected Jefferson to write the first draft probably because
of his reputation as a writer. Who was NOT a member of the
- Benjamin Franklin
- John Adams
- Patrick Henry
5. From 1779–1781, what did Jefferson serve as? from 1779–1781.
- President of the Continental Congress
- United States Attorney General
- Governor of Virginia
6. After returning from France, Jefferson served as this first
cabinet position under George Washington (1790–1793). What position
did he hold?
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Secretary of War
- Secretary of State
7. As the Democratic-Republican candidate in 1796 he lost to John
Adams, but had enough electoral votes to become Vice President (1797–1801).
8. Consistent with the traditions of the times, he did not formally
campaign for the position. Prior to the passage of the 12th Amendment, a
problem with the new union's electoral system arose. He tied with Burr
for first place in the Electoral College. Who decided the election?
- House of Representatives
- Supreme Court
9. Jefferson died on the Fourth of July, 1826, the 50th anniversary
of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. What other former
president died on that day?
- James Madison
- James Monroe
- John Adams
10. Where is Thomas Jefferson buried?
- Monticello, Jefferson Historic Site, Charlottesville, Virginia
- University of Virginia Memorial Gardens, Charlottesville, VA
- Skyline Drive, Charlottesville, VA